Presenter: John Herron
Commission Agenda Item No. 7
Threatened and Endangered
I. Discussion: Prior to 1997, Parks and Wildlife Code, Chapter 68 (Endangered Species) contained no provision to prevent the take of endangered species. The provisions of Chapters 67 and 68 originally were codified at Article 913a, Penal Code. Revisions enacted by the Sixty-fourth Texas Legislature in 1975 split Article 913a into the present Chapters 67 and 68; however, no effort was made to ensure that each was able to function fully independently of the other. A consequence of this was that Chapter 68 contained no authority to prevent the take of species of fish or wildlife listed as endangered. In response to this problem, the state list of endangered species in 1996 was modified to include only those species designated by the federal government as endangered. All species that appeared on the state list but not on the federal list were re-designated as state-threatened to afford them more protection against take, because Chapter 67 of the Code authorizes the Commission to establish limitations on the take, possession, propagation, transportation, importation, exportation, sale, and offering for sale of nongame fish and wildlife.
As a result of that action, confusion has arisen concerning persons possessing animals under Endangered Species Propagation permits. ESP permits are established by statute in Chapter 68 of the Code. When state-endangered species were transferred to the protection of Chapter 67, specimens possessed under Endangered Species Propagation permits were grandfathered. Persons who possessed specimens under ESP permits were allowed to continue in possession so long as they renewed their permits at $550 every three years, submitted annual reports, and had facility inspections performed by a licensed veterinarian. Permittees were also prohibited from propagating or acquiring additional specimens. Currently, five individuals are holding black bears under the grandfather clause; there are not other species reported in possession. The problem that has arisen is that a person could move to Texas with a black bear and would be under no regulatory obligation other than producing a valid permit from the state of origin.
Staff has concluded that the most effective solution would be simply to eliminate permits, inspections and reporting requirements, and instead allow any person to possess a species listed as threatened or endangered, provided that person can prove the specimen was legally acquired, and in the case of specimens entering Texas, lawfully possessed in the state of origin at the time of transport into this state. This should resolve current concern over the regulation of black bears. Persons possessing threatened or endangered species would be, however, required to permanently tag or mark any specimens, and would be prohibited from propagation except as specifically provided for by Chapter 68 of the Code. Staff has recommended the department continue to prohibit propagation and sale of threatened species, since this is consistent with the protection offered these species by law. There should be no direct impact on collectors and businesses, since TPW rules currently prohibit propagation and sale of all threatened species, except for captive-bred coatimundis and certain raptors.
Staff has also determined that because House Bill 2542, enacted by the 75th Texas Legislature, amended Chapter 68 to prohibit the take, capture, or killing of endangered species, the provisions of 31 TAC §§65.180 and 65.181 are superfluous and may be repealed without any diminution of protections for endangered species. Section 65.180 lists the species declared by the federal government to be endangered, and §65.181 simply reiterates the penalties provided by statute for violations.
The lists of state endangered
and threatened species have
also been modified to reflect
the following changes:
- Add the Arkansas River
shiner, which was federally
listed as threatened in
November of 1999, to the
state's threatened list.
- Add the Cagle's map turtle
to the to the state's threatened
list of, due to concerns
about commercial collection
that could threaten the
remaining populations. Affording
state protection to this
species may make federal
- Add the Pecos sunflower
to the state's threatened
list, since it was federally
listed as threatened in
- Add the Zapata bladderpod
to the state's endangered
list, due to its federal
listing in 1999.
- Remove the jaguar from the state's list of threatened species due to it being added to the state's endangered species list in 1998.
- Remove the Lloyd's hedgehog cactus from the state's threatened list, due to federal delisting in 1999.
- Remove the McKittrick pennyroyal from the state's endangered list due to its federal delisting in 1993 and staff concurrence that the species is now secure at the state level.
- Remove the Concho water snake from the state's list of threatened species in accordance with recommendation of staff as well as most consulting experts on the species.
Staff received authorization from the Regulations Committee at it's June 2000 meeting to publish proposed regulations in the Texas Register for public comment. The regulations appeared in the July 21, 2000 issue of the Texas Register (25 TexReg 6939). Staff will present a summary of public comment at the time of the meeting.
II. Recommendation: The staff recommends the Texas Parks and Wildlife Commission adopt the following motion:
"The Texas Parks and Wildlife Commission adopts the repeal of 31 TAC §§65.171-65.174; new §§65.171-65.176; the repeal of §65.180 and §65.181, and the amendment to §69.8, concerning Threatened and Endangered Nongame Species, and Endangered, Threatened, and Protected Native Plants, with changes to the proposed text as published in the July 21, 2000 issue of the Texas Register (25 TexReg 6939)."
Attachments – 3
- Exhibit A – Proposed Regulations – Threatened and Endangered Species
- Exhibit B – Proposed Regulations – Engangered, Threatened & Protected Native Plants
- Exhibit C – Fiscal Note (available upon request)
Agenda Item No. 7
and Endangered Species
The Texas Parks and Wildlife Department proposes the repeal of §§65.171-65.174, 65.180, and 65.181, and new §§65.171-65.176, concerning Threatened and Endangered Species. The repeals and new sections are necessary to reorganize existing provisions, eliminate regulatory inconsistency with respect to threatened and endangered species, to provide for documentation of lawfully held specimens, to remove unnecessary and redundant regulations, and to modify the lists of threatened and endangered species to reflect listing actions taken by the federal government and the executive director concerning the jaguar, the Arkansas River shiner, the Concho water snake, and the Cagle's map turtle . The repeals and new sections will function to provide uniform regulations governing the possession of threatened and endangered species, set forth identification standards, and establish penalties for violations.
2. Fiscal Note.
Robert Macdonald, Wildlife Division regulations coordinator, has determined that for each of the first five years that the proposed repeals and new sections are in effect, there will be no fiscal implications to state or local governments as a result of enforcing or administering the proposed rules.
3. Public Benefit - Cost Note.
Mr. Macdonald also has determined that for each of the first five years the proposed repeals and new sections are in effect:
(A) The public benefit anticipated as a result of enforcing the rules as proposed will be simpler regulations that are less burdensome to the public while executing the commission’s statutory obligations to manage the wildlife resources of this state.
(B) There will be no adverse economic effect on microbusinesses or small businesses. There are no economic costs to persons required to comply with the rules as proposed.
(C) The department has not filed a local impact statement with the Texas Workforce Commission as required by Government Code, §2001.022, as this agency has determined that the rules as proposed will not impact local economies.
(D) The department has determined that there will not be a taking of private real property, as defined by Government Code, Chapter 2007, as a result of the proposed rules.
4. Request for Public Comments.
Comments on the proposed rules may be submitted to Peggy Horner, Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, 4200 Smith School Road, Austin, Texas 78744; (512) 912-7047 or 1-800-792-1112.
5. Statutory Authority.
The repeals and new sections are proposed under Parks and Wildlife Code, Chapter 67, which give the commission the authority to establish any limitations on the take, possession, propagation, transportation, importation, exportation, sale, and offering for sale of nongame fish and wildlife necessary to manage those species, and Parks and Wildlife Code, Chapter 68, which provides the Commission with the authority to establish regulations governing the capture, trap, take, kill, possession, transportation, exportation, sale, and offering for sale of endangered fish and wildlife.
The repeals new sections affect Parks and Wildlife Code, Chapters 67, and 68.
§65.171. Closed Seasons.
§65.172. Threatened Species.
§65.173. Permit Exceptions.
§65.180. Endangered Species.
This agency hereby certifies that the repeals are within the agency's authority to adopt.
Issued in Austin, Texas, on
THREATENED AND ENDANGERED SPECIES PROCLAMATION
§65.171. General Provisions.
(a) Except as otherwise provided in this subchapter or Parks and Wildlife Code, Chapters 67 or 68, no person may:
(1) take, possess, propagate, transport, export, sell or offer for sale, or ship any species of fish or wildlife listed by the department as endangered; or
(2) take, possess, propagate, transport, import, export, sell, or offer for sale any species of fish or wildlife listed in this subchapter as threatened.
(3) sell or propagate for sale any species of fish or wildlife listed by the depeartment as endangered, unless that person also possesses an endangered species propagation permit.
(b) Any person may possess, transport, import, export, sell, or offer for sale goods made from fish or wildlife listed in this subchapter as threatened, provided the person possesses:
(1) a copy of an out-of-state permit authorizing the possession of the specimens in the state of origin, valid at the time the specimen enters Texas;
(2) a bill of sale identifying the source of the specimen; or
(3) a notarized affidavit stating the source of the specimen and that the specimen(s) was legally obtained.
(c) Any person may possess or transport lawfully obtained live, mounted, or preserved specimens of threatened or endangered species, including specimens acquired in another state, provided the person also possesses one of the forms of documentation described in subsection (b)(1)-(3) of this subsection.
(a) Any person may transport threatened or endangered species to the nearest Department of Health or medical facility if the species poses an immediate threat to human safety or welfare.
(b) An enrolled member of a Indian tribe recognized by the Bureau of Indian Affairs may possess parts of birds listed as threatened or endangered, provided the person also possesses a federal permit authorizing such possession.
§65.173. Special Provisions. No person may release a threatened or endangered species except as specifically provided by the department in a letter of authorization issued prior to release.
§65.174. Permanent Identification. Every specimen possessed under the provisions of this subchapter or the provisions of Parks and Wildlife Code, Chapter 68, shall be identified with the owner’s name and telephone number by means of a permanent tag, tattoo, band, or passive inductive transponder (PIT) tag.
§65.175. Threatened Species. A threatened species is any species that the department has determined is likely to become endangered in the future. The following species are hereby designated as threatened species:
Bat, Rafinesque’s Big-eared Corynorhinus rafinesquii
Bat, Southern Yellow Lasiurus ega
Bat, Spotted Euderma maculatum
Bear, Black Ursus americanus
Coati, White-nosed Nasua narica
Dolphin, Atlantic Spotted Stenella frontalis
Dolphin, Rough-toothed Steno bredanensis
Margay Felis wiedii (extirpated)
Mouse, Palo Duro Peromyscus truei comanche
Rat, Coues’ Rice Oryzomys couesi
Rat, Texas Kangaroo Dipodomys elator
Whale, Dwarf Sperm Kogia simus
Whale, False Killer Pseudorca crassidens
Whale, Gervais’ Beaked Mesoplodon europaeus
Whale, Goose-beaked Ziphius cavirostris
Whale, Killer Orcinus orca
Whale, Short-finned Pilot Globicephala macrorhynchus
Whale, Pygmy Killer Feresa attenuata
Whale, Pygmy Sperm Kogia breviceps
Becard, Rose-throated Pachyramphus aglaiae
Eagle, Bald Haliaeetus leucocephalus
Egret, Reddish Egretta rufescens
Falcon, Arctic Peregrine Falco peregrinus tundrius
Hawk, Common Black- Buteogallus anthracinus
Hawk, Gray Buteo nitidus
Hawk, White-tailed Buteo albicaudatus
Hawk, Zone-tailed Buteo albonotatus
Ibis, White-faced Plegadis chihi
Kite, American Swallow-tailed Elanoides forficatus
Owl, Ferruginous Pygmy- Glaucidium brasilianum
Owl, Mexican Spotted Strix occidentalis lucida
Parula, Tropical Parula pitiayumi
Plover, Piping Charadrius melodus
Sparrow, Bachman’s Aimophila aestivalis
Sparrow, Botteri’s Aimophila botterii
Stork, Wood Mycteria americana
Tern, Sooty Sterna fuscata
Tyrannulet, Northern Beardless- Camptostoma imberbe
Gecko, Reticulated Coleonyx reticulatus
Lizard, Reticulate Collared Crotaphytus reticulatus
Lizard, Texas Horned Phrynosoma cornutum
Lizard, Mountain Short-horned Phrynosoma douglasii
Rattlesnake, Timber Crotalus horridus
Snake, Speckled Racer Drymobius margaritiferus
Snake, Northern Cat-eyed Leptodeira septentrionalis
Snake, Scarlet Cemophora coccinea
Snake, Black-striped Coniophanes imperialis
Snake, Indigo Drymarchon corais
Snake, Brazos Water Nerodia harteri
Snake, Smooth Green Liochlorophis vernalis
Snake, Louisiana Pine Pituophis melanoleucus ruthveni
Snake, Big Bend Blackhead Tantilla rubra
Snake, Texas Lyre Trimorphodon biscutatus
Turtle, Cagle's Map Graptemys caglei
Turtle, Chihuahuan Mud Kinosternon hirtipes
Turtle, Alligator Snapping Macroclemys temminckii
Turtle, Green Sea Chelonia mydas
Turtle, Loggerhead Sea Caretta caretta
Tortoise, Texas Gopherus berlandieri
Frog, Sheep Hypopachus variolosus
Frog, White-lipped Leptodactylus labialis
Newt, Black-spotted Notophthalmus meridionalis
Salamander, Blanco Blind Eurycea robusta
Salamander, Cascade Caverns Eurycea latitans
Salamander, San Marcos Eurycea nana
Salamander, Comal Blind Eurycea tridentifera
Siren, South Texas (Large Form) Siren sp.1
Toad, Mexican Burrowing Rhinophrynus dorsalis
Treefrog, Mexican Smilisca baudinii
Blindcat, Toothless Trogloglanis pattersoni
Blindcat, Widemouth Satan eurystomus
Chub, Rio Grande Gila pandora
Chubsucker, Creek Erimyzon oblongus
Darter, Blackside Percina maculata
Darter, Rio Grande Etheostoma grahami
Gambusia, Blotched Gambusia senilis (extirpated)
Goby, Blackfin Gobionellus atripinnis
Goby, River Awaous tajasica
Minnow, Devils River Dionda diaboli
Paddlefish Polyodon spathula
Pipefish, Opossum Microphis brachyurus
Pupfish, Concho Cyprinodon eximius
Pupfish, Pecos Cyprinodon pecosensis
Shiner, Arkansas River Notropis girardi
Shiner, Bluntnose Notropis simus (extirpated)
Shiner, Bluehead Notropis hubbsi
Shiner, Chihuahua Notropis chihuahua
Shiner, Proserpine Cyprinella proserpina
Stoneroller, Mexican Campostoma ornatum
Sturgeon, Shovelnose Scaphirhynchus platorynchus
Sucker, Blue Cycleptus elongatus
§65.176. Violations and Penalties. Penalties for violations of this subchapter involving:
(a) the species listed in §65.172 of this title (relating to Threatened Species) are prescribed by Parks and Wildlife Code, Chapter 67; and
(b) species listed in accordance with Parks and Wildlife Code, Chapter 68, are prescribed by Parks and Wildlife Code, Chapter 68.
Agenda Item No. 7
Threatened, and Protected
The Texas Parks and Wildlife Department proposes the amendment of §69.8, concerning Threatened and Endangered Plants. The amendment: adds the Zapata bladderpod to the list of endangered plants and deletes the Lloyd's hedgehog cactus from the same list, and adds the Pecos sunflower to the list of threatened plants while deleting the McKittrick pennyroyal from that list. The amendment is necessary to comply with the provisions of Parks and Wildlife Code, Chapter 88, which requires the department adopt regulations to administer the provisions of that chapter, including publication and distribution of lists of threatened, endangered, or protected plants. The amendment would function by affording statutory protection to the Zapata bladderpod and by removing the Lloyd's hedgehog cactus from the list of endangered plants.
2. Fiscal Note.
Robert Macdonald, regulations coordinator, has determined that for each of the first five years that the amendment as proposed is in effect, there will be no fiscal implications to state or local governments as a result of enforcing or administering the amendment.
3. Public Benefit - Cost Note.
Mr. Macdonald also has determined that for each of the first five years the amendment as proposed is in effect:
(A) The public benefit anticipated as a result of enforcing the rule as proposed will be the protection of the state's botanical resources.
(B) There will be no effect on small businesses, microbusinesses, or persons required to comply with the rule as proposed.
(C) The department has not filed a local impact statement with the Texas Employment Commission as required by Government Code, §2001.022, as this agency has determined that the rule as proposed will not impact local economies.
(D) The department has determined that there will not be a taking of private real property, as defined by Government Code, Chapter 2007, as a result of the proposed amendment.
4. Request for Public Comments.
Comments on the proposed rule may be submitted to Peggy Horner, Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, 4200 Smith School Road, Austin, Texas 78744; (512) 912-7047 or 1-800-792-1112.
5. Statutory Authority.
The amendment is proposed under Parks and Wildlife Code, Chapter 88, which requires the commission to adopt regulations to administer the provisions of Chapter 88.
The amendment affects Parks and Wildlife Code, Chapter 88.
§69.8. Endangered and threatened plants.
(a) The following plants are endangered:
Tobusch fishhook cactus Ancistrocactus tobuschii
star cactus Astrophytum asterias
Nellie cory cactus Coryphantha minima
Sneed pincushion cactus Coryphantha sneedii var. sneedii
black lace cactus Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii
Davis’ green pitaya Echinocereus viridiflorus var. davisii
Trees, Shrubs, and Subshrubs
Johnston’s frankenia Frankenia johnstonii
Walker’s manioc Manihot walkerae
Texas snowbells Styrax texanus
large-fruited sand verbena Abronia macrocarpa
South Texas ambrosia Ambrosia cheiranthifolia
Texas ayenia Ayenia limitaris
Texas poppy mallow Callirhoe scabriuscula
Terlingua Creek cat’s-eye Cryptantha crassipes
slender rush-pea Hoffmannseggia tenella
Texas prairie dawn Hymenoxys texana
white bladderpod Lesquerella pallida
Texas trailing phlox Phlox nivalis ssp. texensis
ashy dogweed Thymophylla tephroleuca
Zapata Bladderpod Lesquerella thamnophila
Navasota ladies’-tresses Spiranthes parksii
Grasses and Grass-like Plants
Little Aguja pondweed Potamogeton clystocarpus
Texas wild-rice Zizania texana
(b) The following plants are threatened:
Bunched cory cactus Coryphantha ramillosa
Chisos Mountains hedgehog cactus Echinocereus chisoensis var. chisoensis
Lloyd’s mariposa cactus Neolloydia mariposensis
Trees, Shrubs, and Subshrubs
Hinckley’s oak Quercus hinckleyi
McKittrick pennyroyal Hedeoma
Pecos Sunflower Helianthus paradoxus
This agency hereby certifies that the proposal has been reviewed by legal counsel and found to be within the agency’s authority to adopt.
Issued in Austin, Texas, on
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