Texas Horned Lizard (Phrynosoma cornutum)

Picture of Horned Lizard on a log

Photo ©TPWD

Other Names
Horny Toad
Texas Status
Threatened
Description
The Texas horned lizard or "horny toad" is a flat-bodied and fierce-looking lizard. The head has numerous horns, all of which are prominent, with two central head spines being much longer than any of the others. This lizard is brownish with two rows of fringed scales along each side of the body. On most Texas horned lizards, a light line can be seen extending from its head down the middle of its back. It is the only species of horned lizard to have dark brown stripes that radiate downward from the eyes and across the top of the head.
Habitat
They can be found in arid and semiarid habitats in open areas with sparse plant cover. Because horned lizards dig for hibernation, nesting and insulation purposes, they commonly are found in loose sand or loamy soils.
Distribution
Texas horned lizards range from the south-central United States to northern Mexico, throughout much of Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas and New Mexico.
Other
The Texas horned lizard currently is listed as a threatened species in Texas (federal category C2).
Picture of Horned Lizard on the ground

Photo ©TPWD

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