Tobusch Fishhook Cactus (Sclerocactus brevihamatus subsp. tobuschii)

Photograph of the Tobusch Fishhook Cactus

TPWD ©

Other Names
Shorthook Fishhook Cactus
Texas Status
Endangered
U.S. Status
Endangered, Listed 11/07/1979
Description
The Tobusch fishhook cactus is a small, round cactus, usually 2 to 3 inches tall and up to 3.5 inches in diameter, with light yellow spines with red tips. It produces yellow to cream flowers about 1 to 1 1/2 inches long and wide during February through March. The lower central spines are hooked at the tip, like a fishhook. The fruit is fleshy and green, ripening to pink or pinkish- brown by late spring or early summer. The seeds are black.
Life History
Tobusch fishhook has been affected by over-collecting and habitat alteration. Since this cactus is so small, the best time to look for it is during the spring flowering period.
Habitat
This cactus grows in very shallow gravelly soil over limestone, in shortgrass areas within live oak-juniper shrublands.
Distribution
It is found on the western Edwards Plateau in Bandera, Edwards, Kerr, Kimble, Kinney, Real, Uvalde, and Val Verde Counties.
Other
This cactus produces yellow to cream flowers about 1 to 1 1/2 inches long and wide during February through March.

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