TEXAS GEMS -FREEPORT LIBERTY SHIP REEF COMPLEX
Artificial Reef Complex Six different reefs in 2640 ft by 2640 ft area, ½ square mile. COE permit # 15788 (05). OCS lease block GA-A22. Located in Brazoria County.
Freeport Liberty Ship Reef Complex (six structural reef names)
- V.A. Fogg (ship)
- HL&P Reef (300 one ton blocks)
- Star Reef (six rigs to reef)
- Conoco / Galveston County Reef (pipe structure)
- Two Liberty Ship Reefs
Area of Influence:
Gulf of Mexico
Hard bottom Artificial Reef Structures
The species best known to the Complex are sea turtles of all species and jew fish.
The Complex is a breeding/nursing habitat for reef fish red snapper, grouper gag / scamp / rock hind, butterflyfish, cocoa damsel, juvenile blue angel,french angel, amberjack, blue runner, and triggerfish.
The Freeport Liberty Ship Reef Complex as a whole is a forage area.
Important stopover for whale sharks, sharks, turtles, and dolphins.
Uniqueness of Natural Community:
The artificial reef structure provides substrate for natural encrusting organisms.
Archaeological and Cultural Significance:
Three Ships V.A. Fogg
Diving / fishing / photography
Texas Parks and Wildlife holds permit.
Minerals Management Service holds the lease.
Existing Monitoring Activities:
Video / photo transect
Traps tag / release fisheries
Increased monitoring needed of users.
Fish population monitoring.
Threats to Ecological Integrity:
Recreational and/or commercial over-fishing
Continued changes to federal fishing regulations.
Change status to special management zone (state preserve).
Source of Information
TPWD Artificial Reef Program