Outdoor Skills - First Aid - Bites and Stings

Animal Bites

Very rare in the field. But if you are bitten and skin is broken, wash wound with soap and water. Apply pressure to control bleeding.

If the attack was unprovoked, consider the possibility of rabies. Notify authorities as soon as possible. Seek medical attention if needed.

Snake bites

If snake is identified as venomous, keep victim calm. Keep bitten arm or leg below heart level. Clean bite site with soap and water. Keep victim from walking, if possible. Immediately transport to nearest medical facility!

Insect stings or Spider Bites


What to do:

If stung by bee or wasp, all you usually have to do is wash area with soap and water, apply cold pack for 15-20 minutes, relieve pain with aspirin or other pain reliever and relieve itching with a cortisone cream

Note: If victim is known to have allergic reactions to insect stings - seek medical attention immediately! Antihistamines, such as benadryl can relieve allergic reactions

If bitten by a venomous spider, such as the Black Widow or Brown Recluse, or even stung by a scorpion, clean bite or sting with soap and water and apply cold pack. Seek medical attention as soon as possible with any bite or sting!

Shiny black with red hourglass shape on lower abdomen

Thin, brownish spider with a violin-shaped mark on top of head


If bitten by a venomous spider, such as the Black Widow or Brown Recluse, or even stung by a scorpion, clean bite or sting with soap and water and apply cold pack. Seek medical attention as soon as possible with any bite or sting!


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