Outdoor Skills - Survival
Building Survival Fires
Be selective and gather very fine dead twigs from lower limbs of standing trees.
Shelter tinder from rain or snow with your body, and keep your back to the wind.
Hold twigs in hand in upright position.
Use two or more matches, and hold under twigs
Hold twigs until burning readily, then put on ground igniting tinder pile.
If it starts to rain or snow, take fuel with you into the shelter.
Keep it dry!
in North America should be considered contaminated. Organic contamination
is bacteria from animal or vegetable matter: Mineral contamination comes
from commercial and natural sources.
Distill as last resort (inefficient)
Tie a plastic bag around a leafy branch, or suspend it over a bush. Don't let bag touch the leaves. Water will collect at bottom of bag.
A water "still" can also be constructed as shown. You need a sheet of plastic, a container & a drinking tube. Dig a hole of the approximate dimensions specified. Add vegetation, & douse the ground in hole with impure water. It will evaporate and then condense, filling your container with clean water.