Ignacio Seguin Zaragoza Biography
Ignacio Seguin Zaragoza, born near Goliad at the Presidio La Bahia, was the second son of Miguel Zaragoza and Maria de Jesus Seguin Zaragoza. He was named after his maternal grandfather, Ignacio Seguin. His paternal grandparents were Jose Maria de Zaragoza and Maria de Los Santos G. Valdez.
Ignacio's father was 19 years old and his mother 17 years old when they were married in the old San Antonio Cathedral in San Antonio, Texas on July 5, 1826.
A native of Vera Cruz, Ignacio's father was an officer at the Presidio La Bahia when Ignacio was born. The family lived in a dwelling that was provided for the officers. This site has been reconstructed by the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department and is now a state historical site.
Ignacio studied for the priesthood in Monterrey, Mexico but left this to become involved in the civil war that ravaged Mexico. He was responsible for the victory over General Adrian Woll, one of Santa Anna's generals in 1855.
On May 5, 1862, Zaragoza and his command of 4,000 men defeated 8,000 men of Napoleon's III's army at Puebla, Mexico. This defeat was a great morale booster for the Liberal Mexican Army in the civil war that engulfed Mexico.
Zaragoza died from Typhus contracted from visiting his ill soldiers September 8, 1862. He was 33 years old at the time of his death. He was buried in the Liberal Mexican Army Cemetary in Mexico City. His body was transferred from Mexico City to the City of Puebla on May 5, 1962.
Cinco de Mayo (May 5) is celebrated in honor of the victory at Puebla May 5, 1862. It is a national holiday in Mexico , and is celebrated in many South Texas towns and cities, including Goliad, his birthplace.
A bronze bust of the famous Mexican General was presented to the ciity of Goliad in 1962 by the city of Puebla, Mexico in commemoration of the 100 years after the victory at Puebla.
A statue of General Zaragoza was commisioned by the Mexican Government and placed on a plaza built by the State of Texas located on the hill beyond the birthplace. An amphitheater was also erected at that time where memorial masses are held on Cinco de Mayo in honor of General Ignacio Geguin Zaragoza.
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