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Archived Chat

Wed May 3 09:44:16 2000

[ Kate/NASAChatHost - 0 - 14:51:25 ]
Welcome to the Cyberways and Waterways Webcast. Please post your questions. You will not see them until the date and time of the event. Then join us on May 3 for this exciting event.

[ AquaKnot - 1 - 10:20:45 ]
I will be in the Chat Room tomorrow and available to respond to posted questions. Just checking the format of the chat and trying out my connection. Here's to fair seas in the morning...

I will be here from now until closing and will respond to SCUBA or UW photography questions. Good luck, divers.

[ Kelli - 4 - 06:15:03 ]
How is the weather out in the Gulf?

[ Kathy - 5 - 06:18:04 ]
Will this be available for replay to share with others who can't be there Wednesday morning?

[ CourtneyH - 6 - 06:18:04 ]
If people keep throwing trash in the river will the deer have enough water?

[ Troy - 7 - 06:18:04 ]
Why does the water level in rivers keep going down?

[ Clinton - 8 - 06:18:05 ]
Why don't you make new laws about throwing trash in the water?

[ Matthew - 9 - 06:18:05 ]
Why is the river sometimes polluted?

[ Jacob - 10 - 06:19:43 ]
What happens if the rivers get too much pollution?

[ Chris - 11 - 06:19:43 ]
How does pollution in the river effect the ocean and beaches?

[ Taylor - 12 - 06:19:43 ]
If all the water in a river dries up how does that effect the ocean?

[ Marcus - 13 - 06:19:43 ]
Why do peoople keep throwing plastic bags in the ocean that make it look like jelly fish to sea turtles?

[ Maegan - 14 - 06:19:43 ]
How can fish live in polluted water? Why do some fish die in polluted water?

[ Joey - 15 - 06:19:43 ]
If the water is so polluted are there many fish who can live in the water?

[ Nick - 16 - 06:19:44 ]
What happens if all of the trash in a river collects in one spot and builds a dam? How does that effect the river?

[ CaseyandJamsine - 18 - 06:20:29 ]
Mrs.Murray's class is logging on! Q: Do all river and lakes connect to a different river or lake?? Please answer my question thank you!!

[ Kathy - 19 - 06:26:23 ]
What colleges in Texas offer any degrees related to Marine Sciences?

[ Kathy - 20 - 06:26:23 ]
What colleges outside of texas have good Marine Studies programs?

[ Kathy - 21 - 06:26:23 ]
What type of volunteer activities are there for students interested in Texas rivers, lakes and oceans?

[ ScubaDoo - 25 - 06:32:24 ]
I will be here for several hours and can respond to diving, artificial reef, and marine science questions.

[ Alex - 26 - 06:36:19 ]
do animals live in river other then samin

[Dan - 27 - 06:36:19 ]
My class has logged on from Bismarck, ND

[ScubaDoo - 30 - 06:40:00 ]
RE: [Kathy] What colleges in Texas offer any degrees related to Marine Sciences?
In Texas, the University of Texas and Texas A&M University has undergraduate and graduate programs in Marine Science. There are numerous colleges and universities nation wide that also have programs. See your school counselor for more info.

[ brent - 31 - 06:42:26 ]
Good Morning! We're checking in from the Texas Freshwater Fisheries Center in Athens, Texas. Will you respond to let us know our connection is up and running?

[ TPW - 32 - 06:43:23 ]
RE: [brent] Good Morning! We're checking in from the Texas Freshwater Fisheries Center in Athens, Texas. Will you respond to let us know our connection is up and running?
Good morning, TFFC-welcome-you are coming in clear. the dive is now beginning.

[ YSCUBAJohn - 33 - 06:43:25 ]
RE: [brent] Good Morning! We're checking in from the Texas Freshwater Fisheries Center in Athens, Texas. Will you respond to let us know our connection is up and running?
You are up.

[ ScubaDoo - 36 - 06:44:36 ]
RE: [Alex] do animals live in river other then samin
There are hundreds of animals that live in water such as:all types of fish, invertebrates (snails,worms,sea urchins,starfish,etc.),plankton (microscopic plants and animals).

[ Exped rt - 37 - 06:44:54 ]
RE: [Clinton] Why don't you make new laws about throwing trash in the water?
They do have laws but that doesn't mean that people won't throw trash in there. It's real hard to enforce those kinds of laws.

[ Fady - 38 - 06:45:00 ]
How do you eat under water?

[ Ariel - 40 - 06:45:00 ]
Greetings from Austin, Texas...Hart Elementary. We're accessing you from 8 classrooms.

[ MartySeaCenterTexas - 42 - 06:45:51 ]
RE: [Chris] How does pollution in the river effect the ocean and beaches?
Chris All rivers eventually flow into the oceans. Any polution that is put in the rivers eventually ends up in the ocean and on the beaches

[ ScubaDoo - 44 - 06:46:23 ]
RE: [jack] Does this invole the United States Marine Core
The US Marine Corp is a branch of the US Navy and the Navy is involved in Oceanographic studies but not at this platform.

[ Allwet - 49 - 06:48:24 ]
RE: [jack] What oceans are you in
The Gulf of Mexico is technically part of the Atlantic Ocean!

[ jack - 50 - 06:48:49 ]
Are you guys gone a see sharks

[ Fady - 51 - 06:48:49 ]
How much air is in a scuba tank?

[ matt - 52 - 06:48:49 ]
what is the most polluted ocean

d [ Ryan - 53 - 06:49:07 ]
How many diffrent fish live in salt water??

[ Allwet - 54 - 06:49:11 ]
RE: [josh] How many water animals are there in the world
No one is sure, but there are at least hundreds of thousands different species of animals living in the water.

[ patrick - 56 - 06:49:48 ]
how do you talk under water?

[ josh - 58 - 06:50:06 ]
how old do most fish get

[ YSCUBAJohn - 59 - 06:50:47 ]
RE: [Fady] How much air is in a scuba tank?
Ther are different sizes from 50 to 120 cubic feet, 80 cubic feet is the most common.

[ ScubaDoo - 60 - 06:51:02 ]
RE: [Fady] How do you eat under water?
Very carefully!! Actually,as a diver, you do not eat underwater. We wait until we get back to the boat.

[ patrick - 61 - 06:51:18 ]
how did you film your self under water?

[ Alexander - 62 - 06:51:18 ]
Do you find anything from the past underwater?

[ Robb - 63 - 06:51:18 ]
How many kind of fish our in texas or how many kind

[ JimCC - 64 - 06:51:40 ]
RE: [Fady] How much air is in a scuba tank?
Depends on how deep you go, as the water pressure condenses the amount available. At 30 feet, you have about an hour and a half, but at 100 feet, you only have about 30 minutes worth.

[ ScubaDoo - 65 - 06:52:32 ]
RE: [jack] Are you guys gone a see sharks
Some sharks were just shown in the program. Hope you saw them!

[ YSCUBAJohn - 66 - 06:52:54 ]
RE: [patrick] how do you talk under water?
Most divers don't talk - we use sign language. There are 'telephones' available, but they are expensive.

/> [ Expert - 67 - 06:52:56 ]
RE: [Alexander] Do you find anything from the past underwater?
You can find shipwrecks, such as the Titanic, which is the past.

[ stephen - 68 - 06:55:10 ]
are there any fish from the dinasore age that are still alive

[ josh - 69 - 06:55:10 ]
Has anyone been bitten by a shark from your webcast

[ Carolyn - 70 - 06:55:10 ]
Hello from the Caesar Kleberg Wildlife Research Institute at Texas A&M University-Kingsville - and to all those watching today. Great program!

[ MsLongoriasclass - 71 - 06:55:10 ]
We are from Hart Elementary...the kids are really impressed with those sharks!

[ TerrinandJonathan - 72 - 06:55:10 ]
How long have these divers been diving? (From Austin, TX Hart Elementary)

[ matt - 73 - 06:55:10 ]
how many guys are with you down there

[ ScubaDoo - 74 - 06:55:45 ]
RE: [josh] how old do most fish get
The age of fish depends on many factors. Different species of fish live for different time periods. Some fish like grouper can live for 30-40 years or more. Sturgeon can live over 100 years. Some fish may only live a few years. Of course, if another fish eats them then they don't live very long! We age fish by looking at the rings on their scales and on their ear bones (otoliths) inside their head.

[ Allwet - 75 - 06:56:18 ]
RE: [josh] How many water animals are there in the world
No one is sure, but there are at least hundreds of thousands different species of animals living in the water.

[ kingmiddleschool - 76 - 06:56:35 ]
How does bad weather affect you under water?

[ patrick - 77 - 06:56:35 ]
how did you film your self under water?

[ Ernie - 78 - 06:56:35 ]
What is the water temperature? Does it vary much?

[ jack - 79 - 06:56:35 ]
How deep can you guys go underwater

[ matt - 80 - 06:56:35 ]
how deep are you in the water

[ Ryan - 81 - 06:56:35 ]
What happens if all the fish where gone, what lives would it effect?

[ josh - 82 - 06:56:35 ]
Have you ever seen a great white

[ FishSqueezer - 83 - 06:57:05 ]
RE: [Maegan] How can fish live in polluted water? Why do some fish die in polluted water?
Mant fish can't live in polluted waters. In freshwater, ceratin species such as common carp, green sunfish, and bullheads are more adapted to poor water quality. Other fishes such as bass and crappie will not be able to survive. Pollution in the water results in low oxygen content in the water and cloudy water (techicaaly called turbidity. Both of these factors can decrease the numer of fishes that can survive in the water.

[ ScubaDoo - 84 - 06:57:37 ]
RE: [MsLongoriasclass] We are from Hart Elementary...the kids are really impressed with those sharks!
I work for TPW in Austin and have been to your school. Glad you like the sharks and other marine life.

[ JimCC - 85 - 06:57:39 ]
RE: [Fady] How much air is in a scuba tank?
Depends on how deep you go, as the water pressure condenses the amount available. At 30 feet, you have about an hour and a half, but at 100 feet, you only have about 30 minutes worth.

[ kingmiddleschool - 87 - 06:58:04 ]
Is it hard to swim with the oxygen tanks on

[ jack - 88 - 06:58:04 ]
how deep are you going

[ kingmiddleschool - 90 - 06:58:04 ]
What kind of sharks are we viewing right now?

[ Lisette - 91 - 06:58:04 ]
Have you ever been attacked by a shark while doing your work?

[ MartySeaCenterTexas - 92 - 06:58:09 ]
RE: [Marcus] Why do peoople keep throwing plastic bags in the ocean that make it look like jelly fish to sea turtles?
Marcus Plastic grocery bags are a very convenient and desposable way of carring things. Unfortunately when the bags are not properly thrown away or recycled, they end up in the oceans. When in the water the bags tend to open up and apear to be a jelly fish to sea turtles. Eating plastic bags can kill a sea turtle.

[ ScubaDoo - 93 - 06:59:36 ]
RE: [TerrinandJonathan] How long have these divers been diving? (From Austin, TX Hart Elementary)
The professor in the video has been diving for over 30 years and was a commercial diver for years, along with being in the navy. Most divers in the artificial reef program have been diving for 10 years or more and have much experience.

[ Allwet - 94 - 07:00:00 ]
RE: [josh] How many water animals are there in the world
No one is sure, but there are at least hundreds of thousands different species of animals living in the water.

[ FishSqueezer - 95 - 07:00:09 ]
Many fish can't live in polluted waters. In freshwater, ceratin species such as common carp, green sunfish, and bullheads are more adapted to poor water quality. Other fishes such as bass and crappie will not be able to survive. Pollution in the water results in low oxygen content in the water and cloudy water (techically called turbidity. Both of these factors can decrease the numer of fishes that can survive in the water.

[ JimCC - 96 - 07:00:38 ]
RE: [kingmiddleschool] How does bad weather affect you under water?
Once you get below the 'swell' of the waves, the weather doesn't really bother you. The biggest problem is getting back out of the water in rough conditions.

[ Expert - 97 - 07:00:53 ]
RE: [MsLongoriasclass] We are from Hart Elementary...the kids are really impressed with those sharks!
We're gald their enjoying it.

[ 3rdgrNordheimTx - 101 - 07:01:02 ]
Have you ever touched a shark?

[ kingmiddleschool - 102 - 07:01:02 ]
Have there been any giant squid sitings in the gulf coast area?

[ jack - 103 - 07:01:03 ]
What is the biggest shark that you have seen so far

[ YSCUBAJohn - 105 - 07:01:08 ]
RE: [kingmiddleschool] Is it hard to swim with the oxygen tanks on
We do not use pure oxygen, we use regular air, normally, but sometimes special mixtures are used with other gasses mixed in. It is not hard to swim with the tanks, but we can't go too fast because of the drag.

[ MartySeaCenterTexas - 107 - 07:02:21 ]
RE: [stephen] are there any fish from the dinasore age that are still alive
Stephen There are several fish that date back to the days of dinasours. Sharks are a good example of one. They have been in the oceans realatively unchanged since the days of dinasours. There are other animals such as horseshoe crabs too.

[ Allwet - 108 - 07:02:33 ]
RE: [Ryan] What happens if all the fish where gone, what lives would it effect?
Fish are an essential part of the ocean -- if they were gone it would cause big changes. For one thing, in some countries the only meat people have to eat is fish!

[ YSCUBAJohn - 109 - 07:02:54 ]
RE: [Bobby] how tight are wet suits?
Wet suits fit tightly to keep water from circulating freely inside of the suit.

[ JimCC - 110 - 07:02:58 ]
RE: [kingmiddleschool] Is it hard to swim with the oxygen tanks on
The air tanks weight quite a bit, and on land they are bulky and make moving around pretty difficult. But underwater, they don't weigh much and you really don't notice them too much (unless you look up too fast and bump your head on the valve!!!)

[ MsLongoriasclassatHart - 111 - 07:03:04 ]
what kind of fish is swimming around you?

[ Robert - 113 - 07:03:04 ]
How long has he been scuba diving?

[ jack - 114 - 07:03:04 ]
WHATS IT LIKE DOWN THERE

[ Jimmy - 115 - 07:03:04 ]
How do you feel underwater with all those types of fish surrounding you?

[ MsLongoriasclass - 116 - 07:03:04 ]
How many fish have you seen?

[ JacobandTyler - 118 - 07:03:04 ]
What would you do if your gear malfunctioned?

[ LindaofLeakeyISD - 119 - 07:03:04 ]
One of the students wanted to know the temp of the water down there

[ Allwet - 123 - 07:03:25 ]
RE: [3rdgrNordheimTx] Have you ever touched a shark?
Sharks feel smooth if you stroke them from head to tail but rough like sandpaper if you rub them the other way!

[ JackA - 124 - 07:03:31 ]
what is the biggest shark you've seen so far. I like the microphone picture at the main page!

[ bill - 125 - 07:03:31 ]
Where are the diver right now?

[ Alexander - 126 - 07:03:31 ]
What type of sharks live in the spot that this video is?

[ compaq - 127 - 07:03:31 ]
um... where is the SCUBA H.Q. located?

[ Allwet - 128 - 07:04:48 ]
RE: [george] Has anyone from your crew died from a shark, and what kind of shark?
Sharks do not represent a real risk to humans. Smoking cigarettes is more likely to kill you than sharks!

[ Expert - 129 - 07:04:53 ]
RE: [CourtneyH] If people keep throwing trash in the river will the deer have enough water?
Courtney, trash in the river mainly affects the quality of the water, which can be a problem for all animals that need it.

[ Allwet - 130 - 07:05:10 ]
RE: [Dan] What is the biggest fish we can see?
The biggest fish in the sea is the whale shark.

[ Expert - 131 - 07:05:16 ]
RE: [matt] have you seen any sharks
We just saw a few about 5 min. ago.

[ MsLongoriasclassatHart - 132 - 07:06:09 ]
what kind of fish is swimming around you?

[ JohnDokken - 135 - 07:06:09 ]
Tell my dad quenton to say hi his son John Dokken

[ compaq - 145 - 07:07:17 ]
HOW LONG DOES IT TAKE TO GET A SCUBA LICENSE

[ Dashiell - 146 - 07:07:17 ]
Have you ever seen a octopus

[ MartySeaCenterTexas - 148 - 07:07:28 ]
RE: [3rdgrNordheimTx] Have you ever touched a shark?
Have I ever petted a shark? Yes, quite often. This past weekend I had a touch tank set up at the Fort Worth Zoo where I had a small bamboo shark for people to pet. Not all sharks are docile enough to be petted. You should never try to pet a shark in the wild. Some aquariums such as the Texas State Aquarium in Corpus Christi, have a petting tank with sharks and stingrays. Not all sharks are like the ones in 'Jaws'. In fact no shark is like the ones in 'Jaws'.

[ Allwet - 154 - 07:08:25 ]
RE: [compaq] HOW LONG DOES IT TAKE TO GET A SCUBA LICENSE
That depends on what kind of class you take. I got a SCUBA certificate in four months. You take a class then do a check-out dive with your teacher. It's F*U*N!

[ Mike - 156 - 07:09:05 ]
How encrusted is this structure and what types of encrustations can you ID?

[ shawn - 160 - 07:09:05 ]
How deep are you. From MOTLEY CO.ISD

[ Grouper - 165 - 07:09:22 ]
RE: [george] Has anyone from your crew died from a shark, and what kind of shark?
Sharks are not usually aggressive. Sharks act more as scavengers. They can be dangerous if threatened.

[ james - 166 - 07:09:23 ]
have you ever gone deep sea fishing

[ Stacey - 167 - 07:09:23 ]
What was the reason for building the rig?

[ kingmiddleschool - 168 - 07:09:23 ]
Who is holding the camera! Great Job. This is the best webquest yet! The sound is pretty good too.

[ FriendsatBPAmoco - 169 - 07:09:23 ]
Hi! We are watching from our office building, Quenton and Jan. Thanks for the great show!!!!

[ Cody - 170 - 07:09:23 ]
What is it like down there

[ LaKaydren - 171 - 07:09:46 ]
Are you guys scared that ther might be sharks down there?

[ kingmiddleschool - 172 - 07:09:46 ]
How many divers are we looking at? (Including camera crew)

[ bill - 173 - 07:09:46 ]
About how polluted is the rio grande?

[ kingmiddleschool - 174 - 07:09:46 ]
How deep are you under water?

[ kingmiddleschool - 175 - 07:09:46 ]
What is the water pressure there?

[ YSCUBAJohn - 178 - 07:10:40 ]
RE: [compaq] HOW LONG DOES IT TAKE TO GET A SCUBA LICENSE
It varies dependig on the program you select. Check with dive shops or visit the webpages for YSCUBA, PADI, NAUI, SSI to see what is offered and select a progran that gives you complete training. If there is a differdnce in times select the one that gives you the most trainig hours. Direct answer - two full weekends to ten weeks, one night per week.

[ Kara - 179 - 07:10:43 ]
d [ MsLongoriasclassatHart - 180 - 07:10:43 ]
How are you rising in the water?

[ Mike - 182 - 07:10:43 ]
What computer are you using for this dive?

> [ MrMcGeoughsclassCEKingMiddleSchool - 183 - 07:10:43 ]
What kind of shark is swimming around above you?

[ Allwet - 185 - 07:10:46 ]
RE: [josh] do sharks die in pollution
Sharks can die from pollution, like all living things. Sometimes pollution just makes animals sick, so they don't grow as well or can't have babies.

[ JimCC - 186 - 07:10:51 ]
RE: [compaq] HOW LONG DOES IT TAKE TO GET A SCUBA LICENSE
Typically, you can get a SCUBA certificate by taking a 4-week course (1 night a week for a month), although some dive shops offer certification with a full weekend course. There is some class training, a swimming test, and a check-out dive to prove you are able to dive.

[ kingmiddleschool - 188 - 07:11:03 ]
How big is the platform? Does it reach all the way to the ground?

[ Ryan - 189 - 07:11:03 ]
Do you know how many Manatees are in the ocean?

[ tony - 190 - 07:11:03 ]
which part of the ocean has the most pollution

[ josh - 191 - 07:11:03 ]
How much air is in a regular size air tank

[ jack - 192 - 07:11:03 ]
How deep are you gone a dive

[ Kerrman - 193 - 07:11:03 ]
does sea water smell ?

[ Expert - 195 - 07:11:32 ]
RE: [bill] About how polluted is the rio grande?
very polluted because it keeps accumulating trash from cities father north.

[ Dannyk - 199 - 07:11:32 ]
Is the ocean cold now?

[ bill - 200 - 07:11:32 ]
what is the most common type of fish under water

[ Turner - 208 - 07:11:33 ]
How much money does it take to put on a program like this?

[ Allwet - 209 - 07:11:59 ]
RE: [bill] About how polluted is the rio grande?
The Rio Grande has pollution problems downstream from major cities such as El Paso/Ciudad Juarez, and Laredo/Nuevo Laredo. Other parts of the Rio Grande are relatively clean!

[ RolandHolms - 210 - 07:12:02 ]
is that a natural or an artificial reeF?

[ Cole - 211 - 07:12:03 ]
Can you take boats to flower gardens

[ Derrius - 213 - 07:12:03 ]
Have you ever been injured on a dive?

[ AlbertMichealkerr - 214 - 07:12:03 ]
Do your ears hurt under water with the pressure ?

[ Michelle - 215 - 07:12:03 ]
What kind of animale do you see?

[ Rick - 216 - 07:12:03 ]
how many different types of fish are there?

[ YSCUBAJohn - 217 - 07:12:14 ]
RE: [josh] How much air is in a regular size air tank
80 cubic feet, compressed to 3000 pouds per square inch.

[ FishSqueezer - 218 - 07:12:23 ]
RE: [stephen] are there any fish from the dinasore age that are still alive
In fresh water, bowfins and gars are the most ancient fishes. Fossil bowfins that lived 180 million years ago have been found in Europe!!

[ Michelle - 219 - 07:12:26 ]
Is it cold on the bottom of the ocean

[ Anthony - 220 - 07:12:26 ]
Is it hard to get around under water

[ Stacey - 222 - 07:12:26 ]
What was the reason for building the rig?

[ citizendoug - 226 - 07:12:32 ]
Howdy yall from the sound guy at Houston Public Television. Looking and sounding good!

[ josh - 231 - 07:12:32 ]
Have you seen some reefs

[ Blades - 232 - 07:12:32 ]
How long are you planning to be under water today?

[ Alexander - 233 - 07:13:04 ]
How many feet deep is thisspot in the sea that this video is taking place in?

[ Allwet - 241 - 07:13:25 ]
RE: [AlbertMichealkerr] Do your ears hurt under water with the pressure ?
That's a good question! The water pressure pushes in on your eardrums when you dive. So you go slow, and your body is able to push more air from inside your ears to balance out the pressure.

[ CoolCatTheCalicocat - 247 - 07:13:50 ]
Have you ever touched a sea otter ?

[ Daniel - 248 - 07:13:50 ]
Why do you like diving?Do you see sharks?

[ JBIG - 249 - 07:13:50 ]
can crabs use trash such as cans for shelter

[ Cole - 250 - 07:13:50 ]
Is it a man made refe

[ Grouper - 251 - 07:13:57 ]
RE: [Stacey] What was the reason for building the rig?
The rig or platform was built for the removal of oil or gas from under the earth below the ocean. The rigs also provide habitat for marine life.

[ Expert - 252 - 07:14:01 ]
RE: [RolandHolms] are there any rainbow fishies?
Yes there are plenty rainbow fish

[ MartySeaCenterTexas - 253 - 07:14:04 ]
RE: [compaq] HOW LONG DOES IT TAKE TO GET A SCUBA LICENSE
Compaq It usually takes several weeks to get a Scuba certification. There will need to be several class room sessions to learn the basic knoulage of diving. There will be several hours in a swimming pool to learn the basic Scuba skills. And finially there will need to be several open water dives to demonstrate your knoulage of diving.

[ ScubaDoo - 254 - 07:14:33 ]
RE: [josh] Have you ever seen a great white
Great white sharks are rarely seen in the Gulf of Mexico so I have never seen one, even in the Bahamas or north Atlantic. However, I have seen alot of other types of sharks. They are basically harmless unless you bother them. They were made as eating machines and you are in their habitat so you have to be careful.

[ Megan - 255 - 07:14:41 ]
Is it fun to be a Marine scientist?

[ jack - 263 - 07:14:41 ]
Do you go scuba diving any where else besides the gulf .

[ FRED - 264 - 07:14:41 ]
HOW MANY TYPES OF FISH OR IN THE GULF OF MEXICO

[ Allwet - 265 - 07:14:54 ]
RE: [Anthony] Is it hard to get around under water
There are currents under water that can carry you around. Or you can swim with the scuba fins on your feet. They help you swim really fast!

[ RothElementary - 270 - 07:15:19 ]
Are there any fish which are a threat to you during this dive?

[ Dominique - 273 - 07:15:22 ]
Why do the fish seem to be drawn to the diver?

[ Shelley - 287 - 07:15:47 ]
The quality of this webcast is fantastic. It is so cool being able to watch an underwater webcast!!!

[ Allwet - 288 - 07:15:52 ]
RE: [Robb] What kind of reefs our in Texas?
We have coral reefs like the 'Flower Garden' and we have a lot of oyster reefs in our bays such as Galveston Bay

[ patrick - 293 - 07:15:57 ]
Have you ever been to the Barrier reef?

[ AquanettaLemon - 294 - 07:15:57 ]
About how many spieces are there in the Rio Grande. Just your estimate. Please u h t

[ Cole - 295 - 07:15:57 ]
How can you learn how to scuba

[ analisa - 296 - 07:15:57 ]
have you ever been stung by a jellyfish?

Have you seen any ships or boats go by

[ JimCC - 298 - 07:16:02 ]
RE: [kingmiddleschool] How big is the platform? Does it reach all the way to the ground?
The platform goes all the way to the seabed. Some of these structures are in shallow water (around 40-50 ft), and some like the one they are on are in very deep water (500-700 ft). These structures are as big as a skyscraper, but you only see the part that is above the water.

[ JaLynn - 299 - 07:16:23 ]
Have you made any new discoveries since youve been doing this project?

[ Allwet - 312 - 07:16:41 ]
RE: [Megan] Is it scary sometimes going down into the ocean?
It is scary at first, but then it is F*U*N!!

[ YSCUBAJohn - 313 - 07:16:45 ]
RE: [eddy] do you like scuba diveing
It is about the most fun thing I have ever done.

[ MartySeaCenterTexas - 317 - 07:17:06 ]
RE: [RolandHolms] do the wet suites shrink?
Rolands Wet suits do not shrink. They are made of neopreme rubber. They let in a small amount of water that your body will warm. You will then stay warm for a extended abount of time.

[ Allwet - 318 - 07:17:24 ]
RE: [Jacqueline] Sharks are faster than Franklin. How does he stay safe?
Sharks are usually not very interested in people. They don't want to eat people, like you see in the movies. Those movies are fake!

[ YSCUBAJohn - 322 - 07:18:56 ]
RE: [MsLongoriasclassatHart] How long do your air tanks last?
About 1 hour 33 feet deep, less as you go deeper.

[ MartySeaCenterTexas - 323 - 07:18:59 ]
RE: [Megan] Is it fun to be a Marine scientist?
Megan I love being a marine biologist/marine scientist. Its not a job where you'll get rich but it is very interesting and fun.

[ Allwet - 326 - 07:19:05 ]
RE: [Dannyk] My class is logged in from houston,tx what fish would be the most common in the sourrounding saltwater areas?
In Galveston Bay and surrounding area, you might find hardhead catfish, red drum, and Gulf menhaden!

[ Dannyk - 327 - 07:19:49 ]
What is the most rare fish you have seen?

[ compaq - 328 - 07:19:49 ]
HOW LONG DOES IT TAKE TO DEPRESUREIZE?

[ MrsRitchsFirstGrade - 331 - 07:19:50 ]
We are studying the Rocky Seashore. We have learned about animals that live there. We are wondering if you see any sea urchins, barnacles, sea stars, crabs, octupus, anemones and sculpin fish?

[ Allwet - 339 - 07:20:23 ]
RE: [monicaruiz] how long can you be under water? have yah ever had any problems with your supplies under water? what does it look like down there does it make you feel quize? do yah help to clean it out or yah dont mind if its dirty for are creatures?
Hi, Monica! We have special waterproof paper to write on underwater. It can be kind of dark so we have waterproof flashlights too. We like to pick up trash if we see it.

[ MrsRitchsFirstGradeHartElem - 341 - 07:20:42 ]
We are studying the Rocky Seashore. We have learned about some of the animals that live there. We enjoyed seeing the see urchin and are wondering if you see any sea stars, barnacles, octupus, crabs or anemones?

[ RolandHolms - 344 - 07:20:42 ]
why is it called Flower Gardens if it a coral reeF?

[ Grouper - 348 - 07:20:55 ]
RE: [RolandHolms] how big is the whale shark?
I have seen whale sharks that have been 20-30 feet. There have been some doucmented as big as 50 feet.

[ Gulfcoastguy - 352 - 07:21:14 ]
RE: [bill] About how polluted is the rio grande?
The Rio Grande is not as polluted as some people think. Pollution is mostly near large cities which contribute large volumes of waste water. There are long stretches of river which are very nice and clean.

[ ScubaDoo - 353 - 07:21:26 ]
RE: [mattc] have you seen a giant squid
A giant squid would be the last thing you would see! Just kidding!! Actually those squid are found in the Pacific and I have personnally never seen one but there are some good national geographic videos that show them.

[ Jack - 354 - 07:21:27 ]
What type of whales are in the gulf.

[ AquanettaLemon - 356 - 07:21:27 ]
How do the animals react when they see you?

[ kingmiddleschool - 357 - 07:21:27 ]
We participate in the beach clean up every year. When we look at the gulf, it looks brown and muddy. Why does the water appear so blue and clear?

[ FishSqueezer - 369 - 07:22:38 ]
RE: [Rick] how many different types of fish are there?
Thousands! For example, there are around 775 fish species know to occur in fresh water in North America. That includes around 30 species that have been imported from other parts of the world (such as common carp) and around 100 species that live in both fresh and salt water (such as salmon and striped bass).

[ Jeff - 373 - 07:22:51 ]
Are there any animals that are able to live in salt and fresh water?

[ YSCUBAJohn - 377 - 07:22:55 ]
RE: [Ashla] Have a scuba diver died while under water?
Yes, but it is very rare. SCUBA is a very safe recreation.

\ [ ScubaDoo - 378 - 07:23:42 ]
RE: [Megan] Is it fun to be a Marine scientist?
Being a marine scientist can be very fun, especially if you like to scuba dive and be on the water. Not all scientists work in the water. There are many different types of jobs that marine scientists have.

[ jack - 384 - 07:23:45 ]
Can you survive 2000 feet under the water do you have to have really strong scuba equitment.

[ Allwet - 386 - 07:23:50 ]
RE: [monicaruiz] how long can you be under water? have yah ever had any problems with your supplies under water? what does it look like down there does it make you feel quize? do yah help to clean it out or yah dont mind if its dirty for are creatures?
Hi, Monica! We have special waterproof paper to write on underwater. It can be kind of dark so we have waterproof flashlights too. We like to pick up trash if we see it.

[ Alexander - 392 - 07:25:05 ]
What is the name of the place that the scuba divers jump off of?

[ MartySeaCenterTexas - 408 - 07:25:48 ]
RE: [RolandHolms] how big is the whale shark?
Roland A whale shark will grow to about 45 feet in lenth. It is the largest fish in the oceans. The shark is harmless except for its massave size.

[ JimCC - 409 - 07:26:01 ]
RE: [Jeff] Are there any animals that are able to live in salt and fresh water?
Yes, there are many types of fish that live in the estuary that can handle both salt and fresh conditions. Saltwater fish do better in fresher conditions that do freshwater fish in salter conditions.

[ YSCUBAJohn - 410 - 07:26:18 ]
RE: [jack] Can you survive 2000 feet under the water do you have to have really strong scuba equitment.
2000 feet is too deep for SCUBA. Some commercial divers have been below 1000 feet, but that is rare, and is done with air supplied from a ship on the surface.

[ AquaKnot - 426 - 07:27:18 ]
RE: [Dannyk] My class is logged in from houston,tx what fish would be the most common in the sourrounding saltwater areas?
The most commonly occurring fishes would be bay anchovies or mullet that occur in large schools. The most commonly known would be redfish, flounder and speckled trout as they are sought by anglers.

[ johndokken - 430 - 07:27:23 ]
pleas tell the my dad the diver to say hi for me pleas his son john dokken

[ ScubaDoo - 431 - 07:27:31 ]
RE: [Jack] What type of whales are in the gulf.
There are 29 different types of cetaceans in Texas waters which include whales and dolphins. Types of whales seen include:baleen, toothed,Minke,Sei,blue,fin,sperm,and many others.

[ JimCC - 432 - 07:27:32 ]
RE: [Dashiell] are any of you marine biologist
I'm a marine biologist who studies fish. Very small fish, in fact, when they fish hatch from their egg until they begin to grow.

[ Allwet - 437 - 07:28:35 ]
RE: [daisy] did you get my question? How have the specices and/or number of species in the flower gardens changed over the past 25 years and why???
That is good question, Daisy! I wish we knew that. We need some of you young people to become scientists so you can go out there and find out!

[ FishSqueezer - 438 - 07:28:55 ]
RE: [bill] what is the monst common type of fish in Texas?
In fresh water, the most common fish would probably a gizzard shad.

[ AquaKnot - 439 - 07:28:59 ]
RE: [eddy] have you ever seen a snaping turtle before.
Eddy, I have seen many snapping turtles, some very big and some small. I saw one in Town Lake in Austin that was 3 or 4 feet long.

[ MartySeaCenterTexas - 443 - 07:29:05 ]
RE: [kerr] what is a predator of the blue whale
The blue whale, the largest animal in the world, has very few predators but they would enclude, sharks, killer whales, and man.

[ Grouper - 444 - 07:29:08 ]
RE: [michaelkerr] what is the biggest fish you have ever seen
A whale shark.

[ kingmiddleschool - 449 - 07:29:08 ]
If we wanted to set up a school environmental center, (including a pond) what plants should we consider? Would you send us a resource guide for starting an environmental center? www.terristanton@hotmail.com

[ Allwet - 452 - 07:29:25 ]
RE: [Dashiell] are any of you marine biologist
I am a marine biologist! A lot of us work for Texas Parks and Wildlife Department (not just a job--it's an adventure!)

[ YSCUBAJohn - 456 - 07:29:35 ]
RE: [Ryan] Where do paranas live??
In South America.

[ Allwet - 462 - 07:30:27 ]
RE: [kingmiddleschool] If we wanted to set up a school environmental center, (including a pond) what plants should we consider? Would you send us a resource guide for starting an environmental center? www.terristanton@hotmail.com
You should contact our Urban Fish and Wildlife Program -- look for them on our web page. They have lists of plants and other ideas for you!

[ AquaKnot - 464 - 07:30:40 ]
RE: [george] Do you like dolphins
George, most of us like dolphins because they are very smart animals and behave in ways that are interesting.

[ Allwet - 465 - 07:31:03 ]
RE: [Dominique] Why do the fish seem to be drawn to the diver?
They are curious! Like us!

[ MartySeaCenterTexas - 466 - 07:31:08 ]
RE: [COLE] ARE MERMAIDS REAL?
Mermaids do not exist. They are only figment of someones imagination that became part of some legends.

[ YSCUBAJohn - 472 - 07:31:38 ]
RE: [AMANDAHORSE] ARE SEA HORSE FREINDLY?
Seahorse are shy and hard to see becaue they blend into their environment.

[ Grouper - 473 - 07:31:48 ]
RE: [kingmiddleschool] How big is the platform? Does it reach all the way to the ground?
The platform is an 8-pile. It probably has a deck that is 120 feet by 240 feet. The platform actually has legs that penetrate the ocean floor 100 feet or more.

[ MartySeaCenterTexas - 481 - 07:32:43 ]
RE: [BillyHolms] is the whale-shark a whale or a shark?
The whale shark is actually a shark. It is the largest fish in the sea.

[ JimCC - 482 - 07:32:53 ]
RE: [AquanettaLemon] are sharks commonly seen in the gulf of mexico?
sharks are very common in the Gulf. They occur in nearly all habitats, from offshore like today, to along the coast and even in the bays and estuaries.

[ Allwet - 483 - 07:32:58 ]
RE: [AMANDAHORSE] ARE SEA HORSES COOL I LOVE HORSES
Seahorses are cool! The daddy seahorse keeps the babies in a pouch on his belly! He is 'Mister Mom'!

[ YSCUBAJohn - 489 - 07:33:11 ]
RE: [unknown] CAN ANYONE TELL US THE RESIDUAL NITROGEN TABLES?
You cna study the tables by taking a SCUBA course. The tables help divers avoid getting the bends.

[ Gulfcoastguy - 495 - 07:33:27 ]
RE: [jack] Can you survive 2000 feet under the water do you have to have really strong scuba equitment.
Scuba gear is generally useful to depths around 150 feet. 2000 feet is too deep for SCUBA. The pressure of the water awould probably crush a human being.

[ JimCC - 504 - 07:34:25 ]
RE: [RolandHolms] do sea erchins hurt when they stab you?
They hurt very much, like a bad splinter. And they break off very easily when you try to take them out, so there is also a chance of an infection.

[ MrSandobalsClassatHartElementary - 508 - 07:34:38 ]
Our class would like to know what are some examples of the strangest types of pollution you have seen in the Gulf of Mexico?

[ FishSqueezer - 509 - 07:34:44 ]
RE: [kingmiddleschool] If we wanted to set up a school environmental center, (including a pond) what plants should we consider? Would you send us a resource guide for starting an environmental center? www.terristanton@hotmail.com
CHeck out this site http://statweb.org/pond/psda.html for some information on a school that is using a pond in their science classes.

[ JimCC - 513 - 07:35:33 ]
RE: [BillyHolms] PLEASE ANSWER THIS!!!!!!!!!!!!! is the whale-shark a whale or a shark!?!?!?!?!
Billy, It is a shark.

[ Allwet - 522 - 07:35:53 ]
RE: [whimsy] what other coral reefs are in north america? how are they protected?
There are coral reefs off southern Florida. Some of them are part of the Key Largo Marine Sanctuary. It is a federal marine sanctuary. You can snorkel there and look at the corals, fish, and other things.

[ Grouper - 523 - 07:36:00 ]
RE: [RolandHolms] do sea erchins hurt when they stab you?
Getting stabbed by anything will hurt. There are some animals that will also inject toxins when they pierce your skin

[ AquaKnot - 528 - 07:36:30 ]
RE: [William] Ithink the sea turtle is intresting and woul like to no more on it I would be expash aly thankful.
William, you can find information about the Kemp's Ridley Sea Turtle in articles from past issues of Texas Parks and Wildlife magazine. The Plight of the Parrot Turtles by Val Waisanen, July 1990, page 4. Head Start for Kemp's Ridley Sea Turtle by Thane Wibbels and Mary-Love Bigony, May 1982.

[ Allwet - 529 - 07:36:40 ]
RE: [COMPAQ] THEN WHAT ARE THE BENDS?
The bends happens when you come up from a dive too fast. It can hurt and damage your body.

[ JimCC - 540 - 07:37:11 ]
RE: [Ryan] What happens when a hurracain comes, do you find alot of ocean animals where it passed over, the oceans??
For the most part, hurricane don't have much effect on the fish. They just ride out the storm underwater. In coastal areas, the waves can damage some habitat, but the fish themselves are not all that effected.

[ Allwet - 541 - 07:37:23 ]
RE: [JFrank] How large do largemouth bass get?
I don't know the exact size, but if you look on TPWD's web site we have the state record fish listed (click on 'Fishing')

[ YSCUBAJohn - 542 - 07:37:27 ]
RE: [COMPAQ] THEN WHAT ARE THE BENDS?
The bends are caused by nitrogen bubbles in the tissues of the body. The bends are painful and dangerous, and are caused by staying too deep too long and coming up too fast.

[ Allwet - 545 - 07:37:57 ]
RE: [CaseyLeakeyISD] Would your lungs collapse if you went to the surface too fast?
Your lungs would not collapse--they would explode! That is why we learn a lot about safety in diving class.

[ daisy - 549 - 07:38:14 ]
Who names the types of fish? are new types of marine critters still being found? how are they named?

[ JimCC - 553 - 07:38:15 ]
RE: [CaseyLeakeyISD] Would your lungs collapse if you went to the surface too fast?
Just the opposite, they would expand, quickly.

[ MartySeaCenterTexas - 554 - 07:38:35 ]
RE: [unknown] PLEASE TELL ME THE RESIDUAL NITROGEN TABLES?
Just a quick explination of the nitrogen tables. Your body absorbs nitrogen into the blood naturally. As you go underwater and the pressure increases the amount of nitrogen absorbed is increased. The abount of nitrogen absorbed is dependent on the depth you go to and the time you spend down there. As you surface and the presure decreases the nitrogen must be expelled from your body.

[ YSCUBAJohn - 565 - 07:39:46 ]
RE: [CaseyLeakeyISD] Would your lungs collapse if you went to the surface too fast?
Lung collapse can result from holding your breath while you come up. We teach divers not to hold their breath to prevent this.

[ JimCC - 568 - 07:40:02 ]
RE: [daisy] Who names the types of fish? are new types of marine critters still being found? how are they named?
There are rules that apply to the names of fish (scientific names), but if you discover a fish and want to name it after yourself, you can.

[ MartySeaCenterTexas - 572 - 07:40:32 ]
RE: [Ryan] Do manatees live in the Gulf?
Manatees do live in the Gulf of Mexico. They are very rare in Texas but farily common in Florida.

[ FishSqueezer - 575 - 07:40:48 ]
RE: [john] Can i have a picture of a mesquito fish?
I don't have a picture of a mosquitofish, but they look very similar to the guppies that many people keep in aquaria in their homes.

[ AquaKnot - 577 - 07:41:19 ]
RE: [john] Can i have a picture of a mesquito fish?
John, there is a great deal of information on mosquito fish at http://www.tpwd.state.tx.us/expltx/eft/nasa/species/mosquitofish.htm I will continue to try to find a picture for you.

[ NordheimK1st - 584 - 07:41:52 ]
Thank You for such a wonderful presentation.

[ JimCC - 592 - 07:42:21 ]
RE: [AmeliaandCatherine] do any of you guys know what is the mosy common type of fish under the ocean in the Flower Gardens or where ever you are?
The most common types of fish on these platforms are the damselfishes and the jacks.

[ Gulfcoastguy - 593 - 07:42:33 ]
RE: [RolandHolms] do sea erchins hurt when they stab you?
I accidently bumped into a wall of sea urchins several years ago. Some of the spines took about a year or two to come out of my shoulder. Some urchins have very sharp spines are very sharp and can cause an infection.

[ Allwet - 594 - 07:42:41 ]
RE: [BenitoHolms] Does shark meat taste good?
It is delicious if you marinate it then barbeque it. Yum!

[ AquaKnot - 595 - 07:42:45 ]
RE: [BenitoHolms] Does shark meat taste good?
Many people eat shark and like the taste of it.

[ YSCUBAJohn - 598 - 07:42:52 ]
RE: [BenitoHolms] Does shark meat taste good?
Yes, it is very tasty. It you have ever eaten 'sea scollops' you have probably eaten shark.

[ Allwet - 601 - 07:43:24 ]
RE: [AmeliaandCatherine] what would happen to the fish if the coral was to be destroyed?
They would not have a place to live and they would not have food.

[ MartySeaCenterTexas - 602 - 07:43:38 ]
RE: [JFrank] do fish bite?
Yes, most fish can bite. Most fish will only bite if provoked or in self defense. Some fish do have sharp teeth or hard beaks.

[ JimCC - 611 - 07:44:19 ]
RE: [Dylan] R fish poisonis?
Some types of fish are poisonous, but thankfully not too many.

[ Expert - 614 - 07:44:31 ]
RE: [whimsy] what other coral reefs are in north america? how are they protected?
Coral Reefs in America include Stetson Bank in the Gulf of Mexico, and Gray's Reef off shore of Georgia, and Flordia Keys National marine sanctuary (which includes a very famous coral reef, Loue key)

[ Allwet - 615 - 07:44:33 ]
RE: [kingmiddleschool] How big is the platform? Does it reach all the way to the ground?
The platform goes all the way to the bottom

[ WetlandsDan - 616 - 07:44:54 ]
RE: [john] what are mesquito fish?
John: the real name for mosquito fish is gambusia. they are small and look like guppies and they eat the larvae of mosquitoes that live in fresh water.

[ FishSqueezer - 626 - 07:45:30 ]
RE: [Allwet] I don't know the exact size, but if you look on TPWD's web site we have the state record fish listed (click on 'Fishing')
The biggest largemouth bass ever caught in Texas weighed 18.18 pounds. The world record is 22.25 pounds and was caught in Georgia in 1932.

[ Petres - 627 - 07:45:30 ]
what is the most endangered fish in the gulf?

[ Allwet - 633 - 07:46:05 ]
RE: [COMPAQ] HOW LONG DOES IT TAKE TO DEPRESUREIZE?
Depends on how deep you dive and how long you stay down. For the diver we saw on the web cast he probably only needed about 10 minutes.

[ Dylan - 634 - 07:46:15 ]
Do fish have senses?

[ YSCUBAJohn - 635 - 07:46:18 ]
RE: [COMPAQ] HOW LONG DOES IT TAKE TO DEPRESUREIZE?
It depends on how deep you go and how long you stay. If decompression is necessary it can vary from 2 minutes to hours.

[ RolandHolms - 636 - 07:46:38 ]
what are some indicator species in the rio grande or at flower gardens?

[ JimCC - 637 - 07:46:46 ]
RE: [Katie] What would happen if all the coral died?
Most reefs would be covered with algae, and many of the beautiful fish you find around reefs would not live there anymore.

[ MartySeaCenterTexas - 638 - 07:46:49 ]
RE: [Dylan] R fish poisonis?
Some fish are poisionous. Some fish such as scorpion fish or stingrays have poisionous spines. Some fish such as the sea snake have poisionous bites. And some fish such as the moray ell are poisionous if you eat them.

[ Allwet - 640 - 07:47:06 ]
RE: [BenitoHolms] Are all sharks endangered?
No, but we are finding that sharks take a long time to reproduce so they might go extinct if people catch too many.

[ john - 641 - 07:47:16 ]
Why is the red River red?

[ HartElem2ndgrade - 644 - 07:47:29 ]
¿Hay diferentes tipos de arena? Are there different kinds of sand?

[ Gulfcoastguy - 647 - 07:47:34 ]
RE: [Ryan] Do manatees live in the Gulf?
Yes. However we have very few sightings along the Texas Coast. Most occur along the Florida coast. We had a manatee in the Houston/Galveston area several years ago which was seen feeding in a creek which lead to marine waters.

[ JimCC - 648 - 07:47:37 ]
RE: [Kristen] Are all the fish beautiful out by the cost?
Not all, but if you like fish, then all of them look beautiful to you !!

[ AquaKnot - 649 - 07:47:40 ]
RE: [Ryan] Can you tell me any thing about the Manatee because I am doing a report on it.
Ryan, here a couple of web sites with good information on manatees. http://www.citrusdirectory.com/hsswp/main.html http://www.savethemanatee.org/

[ Expert - 650 - 07:47:51 ]
RE: [BenitoHolms] Are all sharks endangered?
No, only certain sharks are on the endangered list, but many more are in danger due to pollution

[ Allwet - 651 - 07:48:22 ]
RE: [Dylan] Do fish have senses?
Sure! One sense they have that we don't have is the lateral line system. They can detect vibrations in the water by special cells along their sides -- that's why it's so hard to grab them!

[ WetlandsDan - 652 - 07:48:38 ]
RE: [whimsy] Do fish see color? I know it is used for camoflage, but I didn't think fish see color. So why are they so colorful?
whimsey: yes, fish do see color; that is why they are colorful. All animals that see color are colorful. Most mammals cannot see color, the only mammals that see color are the primates like monkeys, apes and humans can see color

[ MartySeaCenterTexas - 653 - 07:48:47 ]
RE: [Michelle] WHAT KIND OF DIFFERENT THINGS DO YALL DO?
You'll find most divers are adventurous people. Myself other activities that I enjoy doing is flying, running, and traveling.

[ AquaKnot - 658 - 07:49:02 ]
RE: [2pacjames] have you seen a fish eat another fish
When you are out on the water you can many times see fish jumping about. These are usually small fish being eaten by larger fish below them.

[ YSCUBAJohn - 659 - 07:49:02 ]
RE: [john] Why is the red River red?
Because the soil eroded into the river is red.

[ Expert - 660 - 07:49:14 ]
RE: [RolandHolms] what are some indicator species in the rio grande or at flower gardens?
In the Colorado River, one indicator species during january and february was the Water Boatman

[ Allwet - 661 - 07:49:32 ]
RE: [john] Why is the red River red?
Because the soil around the river is kind of orange or red in color, and it gets into the water and turns it kind of red-looking!

[ JimCC - 662 - 07:49:34 ]
RE: [RolandHolms] WHY IS CALLEDF FLOWER GARDENS IF IT IS A CORAL REEF!!!!!?!?!?!?!?!?!?!
When it was first found by trawlers, the coral pieces that came up in the nets looked like flowers, so that's how it got it's name.

[ FishSqueezer - 663 - 07:49:35 ]
RE: [JFrank] hey muscle man. you are so cool!!!!!! will you please tell me how long a sand bass can live?
White bass (also known as sand bass) seldom live more than 4 or 5 years.

[ AquaMan - 664 - 07:50:06 ]
RE: [BillyHolms] is the whale-shark a whale or a shark?
A whale shark is the largest of all sharks

[ MartySeaCenterTexas - 665 - 07:50:25 ]
RE: [john] Why is the red River red?
The Red River gets its collor from the minerals coming from the soils that the river flows over.

[ JimCC - 666 - 07:50:36 ]
RE: [Dannyk] My class is logged in from houston,tx what fish would be the most common in the sourrounding saltwater areas?
Anchovies and menhaden, both which are small baitfish.

[ Allwet - 673 - 07:50:43 ]
RE: [COMPAQ] HAVE YOU EVER BEENH ATTACKED BY A SWARM OF JELLY FISH LIKE IN SPHERE THE MOVIE
No -- I think this is another one of those cases where stuff happens in movies that is not exactly real (FAKE! FAKE!)

[ ScubaDoo - 674 - 07:50:47 ]
RE: [jack] Can you survive 2000 feet under the water do you have to have really strong scuba equitment.
Man can safely dive to around 130 feet. Some divers can go to over 200ft with proper training and the right equipment. You would never survive the pressure at 2000ft.

[ WetlandsDan - 675 - 07:51:20 ]
RE: [LaKaydren] What is a muscle?
LaKaydren: a mussel is a shellfish that looks like a clam, it has two hinged shells with the mollusk inside.

[ Expert - 676 - 07:51:28 ]
RE: [elizabethandJasmine] do all t he fish need algae? mrs.murray's class is logging back on thank you!
All fish do not need algae. For some fish too much algae is bad for them. like the algae bloom, which takes away all the oxygen for fish. Some fish eat other fish, bugs, larvae.

[ AquaKnot - 677 - 07:51:42 ]
RE: [Dylan] Do fish have senses?
Dylan, fish have senses like you and me...they smell, taste, see and have a special organ, the lateral line, that lets them feel vibrations in the water.

[ Allwet - 685 - 07:52:05 ]
RE: [bigo] What is water equility
Do you mean water quality? Water quality is the chemistry of the water, what is living in it, and everything about the water.

[ ScubaDoo - 686 - 07:52:14 ]
RE: [MsLongoriasclassatHart] How are you rising in the water?
A diver controls his bouyancy with a special vest that contains air. You put air in it to lift you up and let it out to sink. The key is to be neutral so that you can 'float' in the water at what ever depth you want.

[ Grouper - 687 - 07:52:40 ]
RE: [Dylan] Do flying fish really fly?
They propel themselves out of the water and use there extended fins to glide long distances above the water.

[ JimCC - 692 - 07:52:47 ]
RE: [Dylan] Do flying fish really fly?
They have very large pectoral fins (kinda like the fishes arms), and as they swim away from predators, they can leap out of the water and use these fins to glide above the water, rather than 'fly'. They are the favorite food of tuna also.

[ Allwet - 693 - 07:53:01 ]
RE: [cole] how many lakes are in texas
About 200 big lakes in Texas -- also hundreds of smaller ponds.

[ Expert - 694 - 07:53:09 ]
RE: [COMPAQ] WHAT IMPACTS DO HUMANS HAVE WHEN SCUBA DIVING WITH FISH
Divers should have no contact with the wildlife when they dive, expecially coral. coral is a living organism that falls apart and dies if a person touches it

[ ScubaDoo - 695 - 07:53:20 ]
RE: [nick] What time is it in the US??
It is 9:55am in Texas. Where are you?

[ AquaKnot - 696 - 07:53:27 ]
RE: [Dylan] Do flying fish really fly?
Dylan, Flying fish jump out of the water and "fly" by soaring with their large pectoral fins. They can soar for quite a distance but do not fly like birds.

[ Allwet - 697 - 07:53:29 ]
RE: [Petres] how many dams are on the colorado river?
Why do you ask?

[ FishSqueezer - 698 - 07:53:43 ]
RE: [Bigo] How long is the rio grande
The Rio Grande is around 1,900 miles long from its source in the Rockies in Colorado to its mouth in the Gulf of Mexico near Brownsville, Texas.

[ Allwet - 704 - 07:54:14 ]
Hey, WetlandsDan? How's the weather where you are? This is your friend Allwet across the hall.

[ Expert - 705 - 07:54:28 ]
RE: [daisy] You said fish don't see color, but that they use color for camoflage. WHY? Doesn't make sense.
Daisy, fish do see color, that's how female and male fish tell eachother apart

[ MartySeaCenterTexas - 706 - 07:54:43 ]
RE: [COMPAQ] HAVE YOU EVER BEENH ATTACKED BY A SWARM OF JELLY FISH LIKE IN SPHERE THE MOVIE
Attacked is the wrong word to use with jellyfish. I once made several dives off Panama City, Florida where there were so many jellyfish that they could not be avoided. I had a full wet suit on but my face was partially exposed and stung extensively. My face became very red, sore, and swollen, but it went away after several days. Jellyfish have very limited motion and its usually people who run into the jelly fish.

[ JimCC - 707 - 07:55:20 ]
RE: [Kara] Do fish ever get tyred from swimming?Do they get to sleep? Mrs.Shavers class,Hart Elm
Fish do sleep. They have different types of muscle in different parts of their body to sustain swimming, so they don't get too tired.

[ Allwet - 708 - 07:55:21 ]
RE: [BenitoHolms] Are all movies about underwater life fake (besides documentaries)?
That is a fantastic question! But I don't know the answer! Maybe someone else knows a good movie about the ocean which is realistic?

[ ScubaDoo - 709 - 07:55:58 ]
RE: [jimholms] do fish ever get stuk in the flower gardens
The Flower Gardens are called that because of the coral formations present. There are no "flowers" there, eventhough anenomes can look like flowers. Fish do not get stuck in the gardens.

[ AquaKnot - 710 - 07:56:10 ]
RE: [nick] What time is it in the US??
Nick, it is 9:55 in the morning in Texas.

[ Gulfcoastguy - 711 - 07:56:11 ]
RE: [LaKaydren] What is a muscle?
A mussel is a type of bivalve like a clam which lives on bottom of a lake, river or ocean.

[ WetlandsDan - 715 - 07:56:30 ]
RE: [Dylan] Do flying fish really fly?
Dylan: no they don't actually fly but they can glide through the air for quite long distances when they are being chased by predators trying to eat them

[ MartySeaCenterTexas - 720 - 07:57:18 ]
RE: [Dylan] Do flying fish really fly?
Flying fish do fly but not like birds. The fish have large pectorial fins that can act as wings and emabe the fish to glide though the air. They must get thier propoltion from swimming very fast in the water and leaping into the air.

[ JimCC - 721 - 07:57:21 ]
RE: [Dannyk] What is the rarest fish you have seen in the gulf?
A mola, or a sunfish. These are the big, round fish (without a true tail) that are seen floating around the surface way offshore. But they can swim alot faster than most people think. They swim fast enough to jump out of the water like a dolphin does.

[ Allwet - 726 - 07:58:13 ]
RE: [TheBeachclassVV] How many dead fish do you find?
Texas Parks and Wildlife Department has a "Kills and Spills Team" that investigates dead fish and wildlife and pollution. They count thousands to millions of fish every year!

[ AquaKnot - 727 - 07:58:18 ]
RE: [JFrank] I fish at Lake Ray Roberts a lot? Are you familiar with it?
I am not familiar with Lake Ray Roberts, but I know it on the upper Trinity River and is used by many people in the north Dallas and Denton area.

[ JimCC - 729 - 07:58:30 ]
RE: [Dog] How long does it take to get to flower gardens from galviston
about 8 hours by boat, or an hour by helicopter

[ ScubaDoo - 730 - 07:58:31 ]
RE: [john] how many salt water fishes are in texas?
There are about 552 salt water species in the Gulf of Mexico.

[ JoyjoyandBecca - 731 - 07:58:40 ]
RE: [TheBeachclassVV] Hey Becca and Joy, Where do the clorox bottles come from? The green ones?
Duh you should know. they come from mexico and they get washed ashore.

[ Allwet - 732 - 07:59:07 ]
RE: [whimsy] is any pollution 'good' or helpful?
By its very definition, "pollution" cannot be good.

[ Grouper - 733 - 07:59:07 ]
RE: [Dog] How long does it take to get to flower gardens from galviston
6-8 hours depending on seas.

[ WetlandsDan - 738 - 08:00:09 ]
RE: [BenitoHolms] How polluted is the Gulf of Mexico?
Benito: it depends on where in the Gulf you are, it's a very large body of water. Near the mouth of the Mississippi River in Louisiana, there is an area called the "dead zone" because it is so polluted that almost nothing can live there. The size of this zone changes as the amount of water coming down the river into the Gulf changes.

[ Austin - 739 - 08:00:25 ]
RE: [COMPAQ] will coral die if you where gloves and touch it or any other living organism
even with gloves you can damage the polyps on the coral. With gloves, brushing against a fish is alright.

[ Grouper - 747 - 08:01:00 ]
RE: [Megan] Do flying fish really exist?
Yes, but they glide rather than actually fly.

[ JimCC - 748 - 08:01:09 ]
RE: [whimsy] is any pollution 'good' or helpful?
Some people drop cars and other large thing into the ocean and they can be thought of as pollution. But they attract fish and serve as an artificial reef.

[ MartySeaCenterTexas - 752 - 08:01:40 ]
RE: [daisy] what fish can live in both fresh and salt water? how do they adjust?
Some fish can be found in both salt and fresh water. Fish such as the Red Drum will start thier life in fresh or brackish water and then migrate to saltwater as they get older. Some sharks such as the bull shark can live in fresh water for long periods of time.

[ Austin - 753 - 08:01:43 ]
RE: [BROOKE] HOW IS THE OCEANS ATMOESPHERE
The Ocean's atmosphere is the same as ours.

[ scubalady - 754 - 08:01:47 ]
RE: [Daniel] Have you ever toched a squid?
Hey many times. they are soft and flexible.

[ YSCUBAJohn - 755 - 08:02:03 ]
RE: [COMPAQ] will coral die if you where gloves and touch it or any other living organism
Coral has a fragile protective layer on it's surface, like your skin. Coral can become sick and die, just as a person can if a cut in the skin becomes infected.

[ AquaKnot - 756 - 08:02:08 ]
I have never ridden on a sting ray but have slid my feet along and spooked them many times while fishing on the coast. That is called the Texas Shuffle and you should do that whan you are wadefishing to avoid sting rays.

[ JimCC - 757 - 08:02:23 ]
RE: [john] What is the biggest fish in the world?
A whale-shark (not really a whale, or mammal), yet both eat only plankton.

[ FishSqueezer - 758 - 08:02:34 ]
RE: [waterballz] What is the smallest fish in texas
In fresh water, there are a number of fishes such as mosquitfish, certain species of darters, and certain species of minnows that seldom grow larger than 2 or 3 inches in length. Many people call all small fish minnows. Actually, minnows are a distinct group of fishes. Some of them can grow quite large. The common carp is a type of minnow.

[ Austin - 759 - 08:03:01 ]
RE: [LaKaydren] How can u breath when u are way down in the wayer? I would believe that it would be hard.
If you noticed, the scuba diver had on oxygen tanks and a mouth piece. The oxygen tanks are filled with nitrogen and oxygen and other gases that are in our air that we breath above the water.

[ Grouper - 762 - 08:03:27 ]
RE: [JFrank] where is lake amistad located?
It is located near Del Rio along the Rio Grande.

[ AquaKnot - 763 - 08:03:27 ]
RE: [JFrank] where is lake amistad located?
Lake Amistad is just upstream of Del Rio on the Rio Grande in the west part of Texas.

[ Allwet - 764 - 08:03:35 ]
RE: [BillyHolms] this is for "allwet" or "aquaknot"......have y'all ever ridden on a sting ray?
No, I regret to say I have not. That sounds like FUN!

[ Austin - 765 - 08:03:42 ]
RE: [JFrank] where is lake amistad located?
Lake Amistad is on the border of the Rio Grande.

[ Allwet - 772 - 08:04:54 ]
RE: [BenitoHolms] Should there be more laws in Mexico against pollution?
Laws are not always the solution to the problem. New technology could help us stop polluting. Educating individual people about how their actions affect the environment can also be very helpful.

[ Austin - 773 - 08:04:55 ]
RE: [pokemonmaster] what do you think the biggest polluter is right now
Most likely runoff, from highways, car oil, silt

[ MartySeaCenterTexas - 775 - 08:05:00 ]
RE: [Megan] What type of college do marine scientists have to go 2?
Texas A&M of course! Actually there are several fine univerities where you can learn marine science. Guess where I went to school?

[ WaterGirl - 776 - 08:05:09 ]
RE: [pokemonmaster] what do you think the biggest polluter is right now
Lots of pollution happens when it rains, and the water runs through cities, farms, and ranches to the rivers and bays.

[ JimCC - 777 - 08:05:18 ]
RE: [pokemonmaster] what do you think the biggest polluter is right now
Pollution is everyone's concern, and we all need to work for a common solution instead of pointing fingers and trying to blame a particular group.

[ AquaKnot - 778 - 08:05:23 ]
Many people contribute to pollution when they fertilize or treat their lawns for weeds or bugs. Other common actions by everyday people contribute. This creates runoff that adds to pollution.

[ Austin - 779 - 08:06:00 ]
RE: [Dog] How can you tell between alge and errosion
erosion is a process, algae is an organism

[ JimCC - 780 - 08:06:02 ]
RE: [FRED] ARE FISH SMART
Ask anyone who has fished, and they will tell you fish are smarter than people give them credit for.

[ Allwet - 783 - 08:06:31 ]
It's time for Allwet to get back to the red tape of government in her never-ending quest to provide clean water for the fish and wildlife of this great State! Bye y'all!

[ FishSqueezer - 784 - 08:06:41 ]
RE: [JFrank] where is lake amistad located?
Lake Amistad is located on the Rio Grande which forms the border between Texas and Mexico. The closest large town is Del Rio, Texas.

[ Austin - 789 - 08:07:33 ]
RE: [HartElem2ndgrade] ¿Hay diferentes tipos de arena? Are there different kinds of sand?
Si, hay muchas diferentes tipos de arena. It depends on your location and the type of rock that the sand was made from.

[ JimCC - 790 - 08:07:42 ]
RE: [HartElem2ndgrade] ¿Hay diferentes tipos de arena? Are there different kinds of sand?
Depending upon the source of erosion material, there can be many different types of sand. On our part of the Gulf, we have primarily quartz and feldspar sand, but on the Florida coast, theirs is made up mainly of carbonate sands.

[ MartySeaCenterTexas - 794 - 08:08:12 ]
RE: [RolandHolms] WHY IS CALLEDF FLOWER GARDENS IF IT IS A CORAL REEF!!!!!?!?!?!?!?!?!?!
The Flower Gardens, though a coral reef, gets it name since it has very colorfull corals like a flower garden. Also some of the corals have appendages that make them look like a flower.

[ scubalady - 799 - 08:08:20 ]
RE: [COMPAQ] what is the biological indecator for the gulf
There is no one biological indicator for the GUlf of MExico. water quality often affects the invertebrates and fish. the fish can move away from danger, but the invertebrates that attached to structures or natural reefs cannot move away. corals and sponges and molluscs are a captive audience to whatever water flows their way. Algal blooms can cause difficulties for fish, invertebrates and marine mammals as welll as turtles. so algae in the water column is very important factors to consider.

[ WaterGirl - 800 - 08:08:30 ]
RE: [RafaelLeakeyISD] What are you doing to educate people about water pollution?
Lots of things. Come check out Texas Parks and Wildlife Expo in October, or our Coastal Expo this Saturday at SouthPark Mall in San Antonio.

[ AquaKnot - 801 - 08:08:35 ]
RE: [HartElem2ndgrade] ¿Hay diferentes tipos de arena? Are there different kinds of sand?
Sand is created by breakdown of bedrock by rivers. Each river creates a slightly different sand. Sand from around the world looks very different.

[ Austin - 802 - 08:08:51 ]
RE: [Squanto] How long is this show going to last?
until 11:30, hope to hear more questions

[ Grouper - 803 - 08:08:53 ]
RE: [BenitoHolms] Have you ever seen a dolphin? Would they survive in Texas if brought over and put into the Gulf?
There are several species of dolphin that live in the Gulf. Many people come to the coast and ride the ferries in anticipation of seeing one in the wild.

[ YSCUBAJohn - 804 - 08:09:07 ]
RE: [BenitoHolms] Have you ever seen a dolphin? Would they survive in Texas if brought over and put into the Gulf?
Many dolphin live in Texas waters already. You can see them from boats or the shore.

[ JimCC - 805 - 08:09:12 ]
RE: [Michael] you havent answered my question, could you please tell me the temperature of the Gulf of Mexico
Depending on where you are, it can be as warm as bathwater or as cold as icewater. Where the divers are, it's around 75 to 80 degrees.

[ Palacios - 806 - 08:09:33 ]
RE: [BenitoHolms] What is the biggest sea organism?
Blue Whale is the largest marine creature that we know of.

[ WetlandsDan - 816 - 08:10:09 ]
RE: [JFrank] where is lake amistad located?
JFrank: Lake Amistad is on the Rio Grande near DelRio, TX

[ Austin - 817 - 08:10:32 ]
RE: [BenitoHolms] Will this happen again next year?
HOpefully, if we recieve the grant again

[ WaterGirl - 818 - 08:10:40 ]
RE: [PaulaEraISD] How much weight does the scuba gear weigh?
Scuba gear is pretty heavy, and it would be uncomfortable to wear it on land. In water, the buoyancy makes the scuba gear feel much lighter.

[ AquaKnot - 819 - 08:10:42 ]
RE: [Sarah] Have you ever been stung by a jellyfish?
Sarah, I have been stung several times and it stings. You treat it with meat tenderizer and it stops. I do not dive but was stung swimming, snorkeling and surfing at different times. Being careful is the best advice. Do not let it keep you from enjoying the coast.

[ YSCUBAJohn - 820 - 08:11:06 ]
RE: [PaulaEraISD] How much weight does the scuba gear weigh?
SCUBA gear weighs about 50 pounds in air, but is almost weightless in water because the water helps lift it.

[ Palacios - 821 - 08:11:09 ]
RE: [HartElem2ndgrade] How do people take whales to Sea World?
They are transported by special tanks in aircraft, and by large trucks like 18 wheelers.

[ AquaMan - 822 - 08:11:15 ]
RE: [john] Why is the red River red?
John: The Red River is red because of the sediments (soils) which are found in the areas draining into this river. Basically, the water appears red because it is has red colored soil suspended in it which was "picked up" as this water flowed over the land, after a rain, into the river bed, or which the water "picked up" as it flowed down the river itself. This process is good and bad. It is bad because all that sediment which makes the river appear red has been eroded from someone's land and can never be replaced. Its good because this sediment is deposited in the river's delta creating new wetlands. The goal is to maintain the proper balance of erosion so both areas can stay healthy over time.

[ WaterGirl - 826 - 08:11:37 ]
RE: [BenitoHolms] Does paint on the cars that are dumped into the ocean come off and kill fish?
Not only the paint, but metal from the cars can come off and hurt or kill the fish.

[ Grouper - 827 - 08:11:42 ]
RE: [Michael] you havent answered my question, could you please tell me the temperature of the Gulf of Mexico
In the winter the surface temperature of the Gulf is usually in the low 60's and gets in the upper 80's in the summer. The temperature is about 72 degree fahrenheit right now.

[ MartySeaCenterTexas - 828 - 08:12:00 ]
RE: [HartElem2ndgrade] How do people take whales to Sea World?
Moving a large marine mamal such as a whale to Sea World is a very delicate operation. Since whales breath air they do not need to be in a tank of water though they do need to stay wet. Speed is one of the most important aspects of the operation. The quicker the animal is moved the less stressful it is on the animal.

[ AquaKnot - 829 - 08:12:02 ]
RE: [Michael] you havent answered my question, could you please tell me the temperature of the Gulf of Mexico
Water temperatures in the Gulf vary according to where you are and how deep you are. The surface temperature in the area of the dive is in the mid 70's Farenheit.

[ JimCC - 830 - 08:12:09 ]
RE: [Sarah] Have you ever been stung by a jellyfish?
More than once. Some feel like a bee-sting, some feel like a fire-burn.

[ WaterGirl - 838 - 08:13:30 ]
RE: [RolandHolms] what happened to all the water and habitats after that thunderstorm yesterday?
The runoff flows across the land to the creeks and then to the rivers.

[ Palacios - 839 - 08:13:39 ]
RE: [jasmineandelizabeth] does all oceans have squid??
Yes they do, but they are widely distributed in the world.

[ Grouper - 847 - 08:13:57 ]
RE: [petres] are sharks commin in the gulf
Sharks are very common in the Gulf of Mexico.

[ AquaKnot - 848 - 08:14:18 ]
RE: [Brynne] Are there fresh water eels in East Texas? Are they dangerous?
Brynne, there are eels in East Texas that swim up into rivers. They live in both fresh and saltwater at different timesm but are found in the lower sections of east Texas rivers.

[ Austin - 849 - 08:14:19 ]
RE: [audrinlanevilleisd] where do the rio grand stats at?
Starts in New Mexico, the southern part of the Rockie Mountains. the water is from the run off of snow

[ MartySeaCenterTexas - 850 - 08:14:27 ]
RE: [LaKaydrenLili] When a fish washes up ashore and there is no water around them do they intantly die or do they die after a couple of seconds.
When fish wash up on shore they may already be dead. Usually if a fish washes up on shore there is something wrong with the fish already. The amount of time the fish lives will depend on several factors such as the type of fish it is and how sick it is.

[ WaterGirl - 851 - 08:14:45 ]
RE: [CARTER] IS THE OCEAN WATER SAFE TO DRINK
The ocean water is too salty to drink. Some places take the salt out using a process called "desalinization" and then they can drink it.

[ Austin - 852 - 08:15:32 ]
RE: [Aaron] How much do the results vary from school to school results?
The results vary, depending on if you're near the gulf or not, and how polluted your river is. Later in the show there will be a comparison of data

[ WetlandsDan - 853 - 08:15:46 ]
RE: [Austin] erosion is a process, algae is an organism
Austin: when water has a lot of algae in it the water often looks quite green. Erosion causes the water to be the color of the soil or sand that is being eroded, say brownish and reddish.

[ AquaKnot - 854 - 08:15:49 ]
RE: [BillyHolms] thanks for taking your time to answer our questions
You are very welcome.

[ Austin - 861 - 08:16:41 ]
RE: [johnH] what are some of ther common pollutants in the Colorado river?
common pollutants are run off, cans, cigarrette buts, fertilizers, lots of city waste

[ MartySeaCenterTexas - 862 - 08:16:45 ]
RE: [daisy] I know some fish are endangered because of overfishing. should we then eat fish?
Some fish that have been overfished such as the Red Drum are raised in fish hatcheries and sold to fish markets.

[ JimCC - 863 - 08:17:17 ]
RE: [CARTER] IS THE OCEAN WATER SAFE TO DRINK
You couldn't drink it because of the salt in it. But if you removed the salt, then it would be safe to drink.

[ WaterGirl - 864 - 08:17:25 ]
RE: [johnH] what are some of ther common pollutants in the Colorado river?
The Colorado River is pretty clean. It can be polluted in argricultural areas and some cities by too much nitrogen and phosphorus ("nutrients") and in industrial areas by metals and other chemicals.

[ JimCC - 865 - 08:17:48 ]
RE: [BenitoHolms] What is the toughest fish to kill with pollution?
A sheepshead minnow (Cyprinodon variegatus).

[ Gulfcoastguy - 871 - 08:18:10 ]
RE: [Dannyk] What are the indicator speices in the Rio Grande?
Indicator species vary with what needs to be monitored or the concern one has. Biologists can look at a variety of organisms as indicator species. Examples include the type and number of insects and fish found in the river as indicator species. For example, good water quality stream areas may be finding good numbers of species such as mayfly larve and large mouth bass.

[ JimCC - 872 - 08:18:26 ]
RE: [Michael] Please answer this question, How cold is it in the Gulf?
On the surface, it is about 75-80 degrees.

[ Austin - 873 - 08:18:40 ]
RE: [Bubbles] How do fish produce bubbles?
the bubbles are the oxygen that they exhale, just like we exhale

[ MartySeaCenterTexas - 877 - 08:19:02 ]
RE: [BenitoHolms] What is the toughest fish to kill with pollution?
This is a very difficult question to answer. Some fish such as carp and tilapia are less bothered by pollution.

[ AquaKnot - 878 - 08:19:10 ]
A special Hello to students at Hart, Winn and Highland Park Elementary Schools.

[ JimCC - 879 - 08:19:22 ]
RE: [RolandHolms] what happens when you drink salt water?
You get sick to your stomach (trust me)

[ WetlandsDan - 880 - 08:19:22 ]
RE: [BillyHolms] thanks for taking your time to answer our questions
You're welcom Billy

[ Palacios - 881 - 08:19:40 ]
RE: [Dylan] Do flying fish really fly?
Actually they glide, but they do go airborn and can travel a long way in the air.

[ JimCC - 885 - 08:20:04 ]
RE: [BenitoHolms] Which jellyfish can kill people?
Yes, but luckily the most dangerous one's live in the Pacific Ocean.

[ WaterGirl - 886 - 08:20:04 ]
RE: [BenitoHolms] What do you do to limit and preven pollution?
One thing that Texas does is make cities and companies that make wastewater get a permit. The permit puts limits on how much pollutants the cities and companies can put in the water.

[ Austin - 887 - 08:20:42 ]
RE: [BenitoHolms] What do you do to limit and preven pollution?
Recycle, Reduce, Reuse. Start programs in your schools. Try riding a bike or a bus, instead of a private car.

[ WetlandsDan - 888 - 08:21:12 ]
RE: [BenitoHolms] What is the toughest fish to kill with pollution?
Benito: I don't know for sure, but I know that gambusia (mosquito fish) are really tough.

[ AquaKnot - 894 - 08:21:51 ]
RE: [BenitoHolms] Why do fish lay so many eggs?
Fish lay a large number of eggs because many of them do not live to become adults.

[ AquaMan - 895 - 08:22:10 ]
RE: [BillyHolms] do sting rays try to attack you sometimes?
Billy: Stingrays will only sting you if you step on them. They use their "stinger" to defend themselves from attackers. That is why you should shuffle your feet if you ever are walking in the water at the beach or in a bay. This will reduce your risk of being stung because it will scare the stingray off before you step on him.

[ JimCC - 896 - 08:22:11 ]
RE: [mightymouse] what kinds of plants prevent erosion the best
In coastal areas, seagrasses and marshgrasses "anchor" the sediment and help to prevent erosion.

[ MartySeaCenterTexas - 897 - 08:22:36 ]
RE: [BenitoHolms] Which jellyfish can kill people?
Some people are alergic to jelly fish and can die from thier sting. This is very rare. Some jellyfish such as the Portuguese Man of War, have a very bad sting.

[ Austin - 898 - 08:22:43 ]
RE: [BenitoHolms] If you get the bends, what happens?
If you are refering to scuba diving, what happens is the diver went back up to the surface too fast. So basically he gets really bad cramps, and hunches over in pain or "bends".

[ Palacios - 901 - 08:23:39 ]
RE: [HermanMiddleSchool] How much pollution is dumped into the water each day?
It would be almost impossible to quantify an answer to your question. However, we do know that the amount is increasing yearly.

[ AquaKnot - 902 - 08:23:44 ]
RE: [Dannyk] What is the the best thing about your job?
The satisfaction of helping interested people understand and enjoy the Texas outdoors and our state's rich cultural heritage.

[ JimCC - 903 - 08:23:45 ]
RE: [FREDFROMLANEVILLE] HOW DO FISH ADAPT TO SALT WATER
They have specialized cells in their gills that remove the excess salt from their bodies.

[ MartySeaCenterTexas - 904 - 08:23:47 ]
RE: [BenitoHolms] Why do fish lay so many eggs?
This will help ensure the survival of the species.

[ YSCUBAJohn - 905 - 08:24:44 ]
RE: [BenitoHolms] If you get the bends, what happens?
The bends are caused by nirogen bubbles in the tissues of the body. Short term effects are pain or even paralysis. Long term effects can vary from complete recovery to permanent paralysis.

[ WetlandsDan - 906 - 08:24:44 ]
RE: [BenitoHolms] Why do fish lay so many eggs?
Benito: fish lay a lot of eggs because they have to in order to have a few survive all the predators and continue the species. All animals that produce a lot of offspring do so because so many of the young do not survive to become adults and have offspring of their own to carry on the species so it will not become extinct

[ Austin - 908 - 08:25:06 ]
RE: [RolandHolms] can you die of drinking too much salt water?!
drinking salt water dehydrates you, so drinking salt water in excess could kill you, if you were in a weak condition.

[ AquaMan - 909 - 08:25:13 ]
RE: [Dylan] Do flying fish really fly?
Not exactly, their fins are large enough that they can glide for short distances before re-entering the water.

[ JimCC - 910 - 08:25:40 ]
RE: [RolandHolms] can you die of drinking too much salt water?!
You could die from drinking too much freshwater. Your body would not let you drink too much saltwater.

[ Palacios - 911 - 08:25:55 ]
RE: [BenitoHolms] Why do fish lay so many eggs?
Because the survival rate is so low. Most of the eggs never reach maturity.

[ daisy - 913 - 08:26:35 ]
what would these students now do or change as a result of their garbology work?

[ Austin - 917 - 08:27:48 ]
RE: [RolandHolms] why is the ocean so bubbly along the coast?
The bubbles are the result of continuous breaking waves

[ AquaKnot - 918 - 08:27:49 ]
RE: [RolandHolms] can you die of drinking too much salt water?!
If you continually drank saltwater, you would eventually die from dehydration. Your body needs clean fresh water to replenish its supply for blood and tissue.

[ YSCUBAJohn - 919 - 08:27:57 ]
RE: [BenitoHolms] D the bends kill people?
Yes, but it is very rare.

[ MartySeaCenterTexas - 920 - 08:28:19 ]
RE: [HoodyHoo] What makes freshwater fish different from saltwater fish?
Freshwater fish must absorb salt when they can get it while Saltwater fish have more than enough salt and must excrete it.

[ ScubaDoo - 921 - 08:29:21 ]
RE: [daisy] how deep has a human been able to go in the ocean and for how long?
The deepest part of the ocean explored was the Mariana's Trench which was over 3 miles deep. Explorers used a minisubmarine.

[ WetlandsDan - 928 - 08:29:37 ]
RE: [RolandHolms] can you die of drinking too much salt water?!
Roland: yes, you can surely die from drinking salt water; the salt will dehydrate your body and cause your body chemistry to become abnormal

[ JimCC - 929 - 08:30:05 ]
RE: [COMPAQ] is there a way to pass a law to prevent people from dumping polutin in the gulf
Those laws are already in place and the Coast Guard had the power to enforce them.

[ MartySeaCenterTexas - 930 - 08:30:20 ]
RE: [COMPAQ] is there a way to pass a law to prevent people from dumping polutin in the gulf
There are many laws to stop people from dumping polution in the rivers and ocean. The bigest problem in enforsing these laws.

[ WaterGirl - 931 - 08:30:34 ]
RE: [COMPAQ] is there a way to pass a law to prevent people from dumping polutin in the gulf
You bet. The federal law is the Clean Water Act, and it has been in place since 1972. There is also a Texas law called the Texas Water Code. Several state agencies, especially the Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission and the Texas General Land Office, help to make sure that the gulf doesn't get polluted.

[ Gulfcoastguy - 935 - 08:31:10 ]
RE: [BenitoHolms] Should there be more laws in Mexico against pollution?
Mexico has laws to address pollution in its streams and rivers. However one of the Mexico's problems deal mostly with enforcing its environmental laws.

[ JimCC - 936 - 08:31:32 ]
RE: [John] Where do fish lay eggs?
Some lay eggs on the bottom in a nest that they guard, but most simply release the eggs into the water and they float around with the current until hatching.

[ MartySeaCenterTexas - 937 - 08:31:37 ]
RE: [PetresHolms] do electric ells exist
Electric ells are found in the Amazon River in South America.

[ JimCC - 938 - 08:32:12 ]
RE: [HoodyHoo] how much water is on the earth?
Saltwater covers around 75% of the earth.

[ WaterGirl - 939 - 08:32:46 ]
RE: [BillyHolms] why is it so important to depresureize?
Depressurizing allows the gas to come out of body tissue, so that the pressure inside and outside the body are the same (and it doesn't hurt!).

[ Palacios - 944 - 08:32:59 ]
RE: [COMPAQ] is there a way to pass a law to prevent people from dumping polutin in the gulf
Sure, laws can be and in fact have been passed addressing polution in the gulf. The problem is in the area of enforcement. What may be a better answer than laws is education of people.

[ YSCUBAJohn - 945 - 08:33:15 ]
RE: [BillyHolms] why is it so important to depresureize?
We depressurize to prevent the bends, which can cause serious injury. We know how to reduce the chances we will get the bends.

[ JimCC - 946 - 08:33:32 ]
RE: [pokeholmes] how old can fish get
We know some fish can live 50, 60, even 70 years or more, but we don't know how long each species of fish lives. Most don't live more than a few years, though.

[ AquaKnot - 947 - 08:33:33 ]
RE: [FREDFROMLANEVILLE] HOW DOES SEA GRASS LOOK
Sea grass looks like an underwater meadow. Most seagrasses in Texas have long blades that wave back and forth with the water current. Many appear as patches of dark green against the lighter brown sandy bottom.

[ WetlandsDan - 948 - 08:34:13 ]
RE: [PetresHolms] do electric ells exist
Petres: electric eels exist in South America, for one place, and they are very large and can deliver a very powerful, even fatal shock.

[ MartySeaCenterTexas - 952 - 08:34:56 ]
RE: [BillyHolms] why is it so important to depresureize?
As your underwater, your body absorbs nitrogen under presure. As you come to the surface and the presure decreases, the nitrogen will need to be expelled. If you stay down for a long time and surface too fast, the nitrogen will expand with the decreasing presure. Nitrogen bubbles will then form in your blood system causing the bends.

[ Palacios - 953 - 08:35:10 ]
RE: [BenitoHolms] I go to the Bahamas every year, and the beach is smaller than it was 5 years ago? Why?
Beach erosion is the cause of your beach loss, and this is a problem that is common to all beach areas including the Texas Coast.

[ ScubaDoo - 954 - 08:35:27 ]
RE: [COMPAQ] will coral die if you where gloves and touch it or any other living organism
Coral can die if you damage it with your hands. It is not the hard calcareous parts that are alive but the soft bodied organism that lives inside. Coral is fragile and can be damaged by boat anchors.

[ AquaKnot - 955 - 08:35:30 ]
RE: [whimsy] are there weeds that overtake sea grasses like weeds overtake grass on lawns?
It is not nearly as bad a problem since there are not as many species which can invade seagrass meadows. Some seagrasses grow faster than others and are the first to reinhabit disturbed areas.

[ WetlandsDan - 956 - 08:35:46 ]
RE: [HoodyHoo] how much water is on the earth?
HoodyHoo: a bezillion gallons!

[ Expert - 960 - 08:35:54 ]
mr.davis, when r we going home???

[ JimCC - 961 - 08:36:36 ]
RE: [whimsy] are the ocean floors all mapped ? was this done w/GPS technology?
For the most part, yes. Most of it was dome with advances in sonar. The GPS technology helps the ship at the surface know exactly where it is on the earth.

[ JimCC - 962 - 08:37:39 ]
RE: [pokeholmes] is shimping bad
Depends on if you are the shrimp :)

[ WaterGirl - 963 - 08:37:57 ]
RE: [whimsy] are there weeds that overtake sea grasses like weeds overtake grass on lawns?
I'm not sure about weeds, but powerboats can be a big problem. They cut up the seagrass and it takes years to grow back!

[ Grouper - 964 - 08:38:14 ]
RE: [smsposse] what is the current temp. in the gulf now
About 72 degrees fahrenheit.

[ MartySeaCenterTexas - 965 - 08:38:18 ]
RE: [whimsy] are the ocean floors all mapped ? was this done w/GPS technology?
Actually the moon is better mapped than the oceans. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration is responsible for mapping all of the US coastal waters. They have recently started using GPS to get the position of the surveying vessile.

[ YSCUBAJohn - 971 - 08:39:08 ]
RE: [daisy] what is the difference between salt and fresh water relative to scuba diving?
The main difference in in adjusting your weights worn around your waist beacuse of different density. Different fish species are also of interest.

[ ScubaDoo - 972 - 08:39:31 ]
RE: [PetresHolms] do electric ells exist
Yes, but in the Amazon River area. Salt water is on very conductive for producing electricity.

[ Palacios - 973 - 08:39:52 ]
RE: [pokeholmes] is shimping bad
Shrimping in and of itself is not bad. However there are some bad effects being realized from various aspects of the shrimping industry. Plans are being made to minimize these effects but it may be many years before the results of these efforts are realized.

[ AquaKnot - 974 - 08:39:55 ]
RE: [BenitoHolms] What fish are displacing native fish?
Fish that are dumped from aquariums have been collected from far away places like South America. Many of them live quite successfully in Texas waters and compete with our native fish for food and homes.

[ FishSqueezer - 975 - 08:40:01 ]
RE: [JFrank] where is lake amistad located?
Lake Amistad is located on the Rio Grande which forms the border between Texas and Mexico. The closest large town is Del Rio, Texas.

[ JimCC - 976 - 08:40:15 ]
RE: [smsposse] what is the current temp. in the gulf now
Far offshore it is around 75-80 degrees. Closer to shore, it is around 70-75 degrees. Still a little cool for a swim at the beach.

[ Palacios - 977 - 08:40:29 ]
RE: [Expert] mr.davis, when r we going home???
Laterz!!

[ MartySeaCenterTexas - 982 - 08:41:25 ]
RE: [daisy] what is the difference between salt and fresh water relative to scuba diving?
The bigest factor reletive to diving in salt and fresh water. Since Salt water is heavier that fresh water, a diver will need to wear more weight to be neutral in the water.

[ poe - 983 - 08:41:35 ]
what exactly are sea roaches?

/> [ ScubaDoo - 984 - 08:41:53 ]
RE: [smsposse] what is the current temp. in the gulf now
In the 70's F.

[ Grouper - 985 - 08:42:20 ]
Actually fish will start using the reefs shortly after they placed. Organisms that attach to the structure usually have a swimming or floating stage in their life cycle. When they come into contact with the artificial structure they may attach and begin to grow.

[ Palacios - 989 - 08:42:36 ]
RE: [BenitoHolms] How can you prevent beach erosion?
Best way to prevent beach erosin is to plant native vegitation along your beach.

[ JimCC - 990 - 08:42:37 ]
RE: [daisy] how long does it take for living creatures to find and set up home on artificial reefs? how do they get there? I did not think coral could swim...
Most all creatures on artificial reefs get there as larvae or juveniles, settling out of the plankton (this is especially true for the corals).

[ WetlandsDan - 991 - 08:42:51 ]
RE: [WaterGirl] I'm not sure about weeds, but powerboats can be a big problem. They cut up the seagrass and it takes years to grow back!
sometimes algae and other small plants called epiphytes grow on the surface of the seagrass leaves and block the sunlight from getting to the seagrass. This problem is usually caused by the type of water pollution that stimulates algae to grow, that is too much sodium and phosphorus in the water

[ AquaKnot - 993 - 08:43:00 ]
RE: [carter] HOW FREEZING IS THE COLORADO RIVER
The Colorado River water temperature varies with the season. It is not very cold this time of year. It is cold year round in the deeper water of reservoirs in the Hill Country.

[ WaterGirl - 994 - 08:43:02 ]
RE: [Dannyk] Do we shrimp too much?
Some people believe we are shrimping too much. If we take more shrimp from the Gulf than reproduce each year, then the shrimp population will dwindle and could go away.

[ WetlandsDan - 995 - 08:44:00 ]
RE: [WetlandsDan] sometimes algae and other small plants called epiphytes grow on the surface of the seagrass leaves and block the sunlight from getting to the seagrass. This problem is usually caused by the type of water pollution that stimulates algae to grow, that is too much sodium and phosphorus in the water
I meant to much nitrogen and phosphorus, not sodium

[ MartySeaCenterTexas - 996 - 08:44:35 ]
RE: [BenitoHolms] How can you prevent beach erosion?
Man has been trying to prevent beach erosion for a long time without success. Some places add groins or jetties to stop the erosion or replenish the sand. These have limited success. Mother nature does it best with trees, plants, and sand dunes.

[ Palacios - 997 - 08:44:41 ]
RE: [poe] what exactly are sea roaches?
Common name for a marine isopod.

[ ScubaDoo - 1002 - 08:45:18 ]
RE: [Dannyk] Do we shrimp too much?
In Texas, the shrimp fishery is highly regulated by fisheries managers. There has been a problem with too many fishermen shrimping, so we have limited the number of commerical fishermen. That means less people are shrimping so the impact on the resource will be less. More shrimp will live to reproduce again.

[ AquaKnot - 1004 - 08:46:08 ]
RE: [Rick] Are there any fish in Texas, that are coming close to extinction
Rick, there are about 30 species of fish in Texas that are on the state list for protection. Many of them are very rare and highly threatened. See http://www.tpwd.state.tx.us/nature/endang/animals/aquatic.htm for details.

[ JimCC - 1005 - 08:46:16 ]
RE: [smsposse] how long does the coral take to grow?
Corals grow very slowly. Some coral heads have been aged as being 100's of years old. Only the very outside of the head is alive, though.

[ poe - 1006 - 08:46:28 ]
thanks, palacios.

[ YSCUBAJohn - 1007 - 08:46:54 ]
RE: [smsposse] how long does the coral take to grow?
Some corals grow about 1 inch per year, others as slowly as 0.1 inch per year. It takes a long time to regrow coral in an area that it has been collected or dredged.

[ MartySeaCenterTexas - 1012 - 08:46:57 ]
RE: [Ashley] What is Biodiversity?
Biodiversity is when there are many animals and plants that make up a paticular egosystem.

[ ScubaDoo - 1013 - 08:47:14 ]
RE: [smsposse] how long does the coral take to grow?
Coral takes a year or so to begin colonizing and then coral formations can be several hundred to thousands of years old. New polyps settle on the old structure and begin growing. Not all corals are colonizers. Some grow in single units.

[ JimCC - 1014 - 08:47:15 ]
RE: [Ashley] Do research labs already have DNA of certain sea animals
Many animals have their DNA being researched in labs right now.

[ poe - 1015 - 08:47:28 ]
by the way, what are the names of those fine chicks from palacios????

[ Palacios - 1016 - 08:47:51 ]
RE: [Rick] Are there any fish in Texas, that are coming close to extinction
Yes, there are a number of endangered species, such as a pupfishes in West Texas, and also several species of mosquitofish.

> [ Gulfcoastguy - 1017 - 08:48:31 ]
RE: [AnthonyLanevilleISD] How much pollution have been picked up this year?? Have it been on the Gulf @ the Beach??
The Texas General Office sponsors several beach clean up each year. Several tons of trash, mostly plastic products, are picked up during each event.

[ AquaKnot - 1018 - 08:49:18 ]
RE: [Ashley] If a species was to become extinct could you gather DNA from the water?
Ashley, once a species is extinct we could not gather DNA unless we have saved some or preserved individuals in an artificial enviroment.

[ WetlandsDan - 1019 - 08:49:19 ]
RE: [Ashley] What is Biodiversity?
biological diversity refers to the great variety of plants, animals, and all living things that have evolved on the earth to take advantage of the different ecological niches (that means the different habitats and ways of making a living)that are present on earth. Extinction is a normal part of this ongoing process, but, unfortunately, humans have speeded up the process of extinction. The process of evolution of new species has not speeded up, so we are losing more species than we gain.

[ AquaMan - 1020 - 08:49:28 ]
RE: [whimsy] are there weeds that overtake sea grasses like weeds overtake grass on lawns?
whimsy: Seagrasses are a little different from regular grasses on land. There are non-native seagrasses that will establish in certain areas that also have natives present. However, these non-natives have a much harder time establishing if an area is not disturbed either by human activities or by things like hurricanes. Seagrasses can die off completely in an area if there are too many nutrients in the water. What happens is with increased nutrient levels in the water, there is an algae bloom which shades out the seagrasses below by blocking the sun from reaching the bottom or by directly covering the blades of seagrass so that they cannot get any sunlight.

[ YSCUBAJohn - 1021 - 08:49:40 ]
RE: [doggychow] How fragile is coral?
Some are as fragile as a plate, others are hard as rock.

[ ScubaDoo - 1022 - 08:50:01 ]
RE: [photogirl] does a flash on a underwater camera scare the fish?
The flash of a camera can scare the fish, especially if you are diving at night. We try not to flash directly in the eyes of a fish.

[ JimCC - 1026 - 08:50:54 ]
RE: [LAX] how long is the needle fish?
Most needlefish reach a maximum length of between 2 and 3 feet. Most coastal species are around 15 to 20 inches, but the largest needlefish can grow to 5 feet.

[ Gulfcoastguy - 1027 - 08:51:35 ]
RE: [whimsy] are there weeds that overtake sea grasses like weeds overtake grass on lawns?
Algae, some called macro-algae, tend to cover seagrasses in certain areas particularly during specific times of the year.

[ Palacios - 1028 - 08:51:50 ]
RE: [Ashley] Do research labs already have DNA of certain sea animals
Yes, genetic studies are being done at the Perry R. Bass Marine Fisheries Station in Matagorda County.

[ JimCC - 1029 - 08:52:04 ]
RE: [kingmiddleschool] Does an artificial reef attract more animal life than a natural reef?
In nearly every situation, a natural reef will have more animal life than an artificial reef.

[ Stryker5th - 1035 - 08:52:45 ]
This is supremely cool! We just wanted to say that. Thanks for doing this...

[ MartySeaCenterTexas - 1039 - 08:54:01 ]
RE: [matt] how many sharks are in the paciffic ocean
The exact number of sharks in the Pacific Ocean is not know but there are about 400 species of sharks, most of which are found in the Pacific

[ daisy - 1040 - 08:54:04 ]
who owns the gulf? the us? mexico? no one?

[ Palacios - 1045 - 08:54:52 ]
RE: [BenitoHolms] What is an isopod?
It's a type of crustacean. One example of an isopod is a pillbug, or a rolliepollie. They're diffrent from your insects in the fact that they have more than six legs.

[ YSCUBAJohn - 1046 - 08:55:02 ]
RE: [daisy] don't the air bubbles scare the fish? I would think a diver looks like a predator...a BIG predator.
You are right, many fish stay clear of divers, and we have to learn to approach fish slowly and calmly if we wish to get close enough to take pictures. Other fish are curious, and will swim right up to you.

[ Grouper - 1047 - 08:55:06 ]
RE: [daisy] How do you figure out where to place artificial reefs? how do you determine it was successful?
Biological and ecological factors determine reef placement as well as other factors. Monitoring of the reef site and comparison to others tells us whether or not it successful

[ WetlandsDan - 1050 - 08:55:22 ]
wetlands dan has to slither back into the tules now, bye!

[ AquaKnot - 1051 - 08:55:57 ]
RE: [unknown] is this really live?
You are hearing it and seeing it as it happens. Enjoy.

[ JimCC - 1052 - 08:56:02 ]
RE: [daisy] what is plankton?
Very small plants and animals that can't swim faster than the current. Some plankton spend their entire life being moved around (like copepods and diatoms, which are food for many things), or they can spend only a part of their life in the plankton (like baby fish, crabs, and shells that are plankton for only the first part of their life).

[ WaterGirl - 1053 - 08:56:47 ]
RE: [daisy] who owns the gulf? the us? mexico? no one?
Texas state water extends out several miles. Federal waters (waters of the United States) extend out further. After that no country has a special claim.

[ MartySeaCenterTexas - 1054 - 08:57:00 ]
RE: [BenitoHolms] Do sea cucumbers live in Texas?
Yes. Sea Cucumbers can be found in the bays and estuaries.

[ WaterGirl - 1055 - 08:57:43 ]
RE: [Dannyk] What do you think is the biggest prolbem in Texas' waters
In my opinion, it's pollution from rainfall runoff.

[ MartySeaCenterTexas - 1064 - 08:59:00 ]
RE: [daisy] who owns the gulf? the us? mexico? no one?
The US and Mexico own the waters to 200 miles off of thier respective coast. No one owns the waters beyond this.

[ Cole - 1065 - 08:59:35 ]
this is a great way to learn

[ Palacios - 1067 - 08:59:44 ]
RE: [daisy] who owns the gulf? the us? mexico? no one?
The state of Texas has jurisdiction out to 10 nautical miles. The Unites States has jurisdiction out to 200 nautical miles. Anything past that is international waters. While ownership is important, responsibility is even more important. We are all responsible for the Gulf.

[ AquaKnot - 1068 - 08:59:45 ]
RE: [Sarah] WHy does the water level keep going down?
Sarah, I am not sure what water level you are talking about. Texas has been experiencing a prolonged period of drought due to less than normal rainfall. People are using larger amounts of water than in the past, which also lowers water levels.

[ AquaMan - 1069 - 08:59:58 ]
Aquaman signing out. Have fun kids!

[ JimCC - 1072 - 09:00:44 ]
RE: [Dannyk] What is the best time to go scuba diving?
Believe it or not, night time is the best time to go diving. You get to see many fish and animals that normally would be hiding during the day, plus many fish are resting and you can get closer than normal to take really good pictures.

[ MartySeaCenterTexas - 1076 - 09:01:43 ]
RE: [photogirl] how expensive is underwater photograhpy?
VERY! A cheap camera and housing can be bought for about a hundred dollars. By the time you buy a good camera with flashes and lens, it will have cost you thousands.

[ antidisestablishmenentarianism - 1077 - 09:01:47 ]
how long does the scuba diver have before he has to come up to the surface?

[ JimCC - 1078 - 09:01:51 ]
RE: [unknown] about how long is the average dive?
About 35-50 minutes. That does not sound like alot, but when you are underwater, that is a long time.

[ YSCUBAJohn - 1080 - 09:02:17 ]
RE: [photogirl] how expensive is underwater photograhpy?
Like above water photpgraphy, UW can be inexpensive or very costly. There are one use cameras for about $20. A housing for a 35mm land camera can cost for $400 to $2000. Strobes are similar in cost range. Special cameras, like a Niconos, with intercahngable lenses can cost $600 to $2000 also.

[ Palacios - 1081 - 09:02:22 ]
RE: [Dannyk] What do you think is the biggest prolbem in Texas' waters
The amount of available water and the increasing population. Current estimates are for the population of Texas to double in the next 20 years.

[ AquaKnot - 1082 - 09:02:52 ]
RE: [david] Some of the web pictures are dark. Is it easy to see at the depth that you are photographing?
Light penetrates the water but some of it is absorbed as it goes down to the level of the divers.

[ antidisestablishmenentarianism - 1083 - 09:03:11 ]
mr. davis, when do we get to go scuba diving?

[ JimCC - 1084 - 09:04:07 ]
RE: [daisy] is there whaling done in the gulf?
No, Daisy, there is no whaling in the Gulf.

[ daisy - 1085 - 09:04:35 ]
what is the importance of water boundaries and juridcition?

[ brent - 1088 - 09:04:35 ]
Is the Gulf of Mexico water clarity this murky throughout the entire Gulf?

[ AquaKnot - 1089 - 09:05:01 ]
RE: [daisy] please describe the sounds in the water. doesn't sound travel faster? do fish make sounds like dolphins and whales?
Daisy, sound does travel better in water than in air. Fish make many sounds. Have you heard of Croakers or Drum? They are named for the sounds they make.

[ MartySeaCenterTexas - 1090 - 09:05:47 ]
RE: [Rick] Are fish being Bio Engineered?
No fish are being bioengineered that I know of but a lot of fish such are being raised that are not bioengineered. Sea Center raises several million Red Drum and Spotted Sea Trout that are released into the wild every year, but none of these are bioengineered.

[ AquaKnot - 1098 - 09:06:30 ]
RE: [CalCast] We're in Northern California. Does this have implications for other waterway systems, like those around us?
Hello to those in California and along other coasts. Yes, many of the issues we are discussing have the same or similar implications across the planet. Thanks for tuning in.

[ WaterGirl - 1099 - 09:06:42 ]
RE: [daisy] what is the importance of water boundaries and juridcition?
It's important because the countries that claim the water can make the rules that determine how much shrimping or fishing can be done in the water, how much pollution can be put in the water, and stuff like that.

[ JimCC - 1100 - 09:06:49 ]
Kinda like swimming in a pool, just a real salty pool. if the surface is rough because of winds, then it can be hard. Most people like swimming in the ocean because you float easier in saltwater than you do in freshwater.

[ Grouper - 1101 - 09:06:55 ]
RE: [brent] Is the Gulf of Mexico water clarity this murky throughout the entire Gulf?
The water is generally more murky near the shore, but as you get out further in the Gulf is gets clearer. The Gulf is generally clearer in the summer than the winter.

[ MartySeaCenterTexas - 1102 - 09:07:00 ]
RE: [daisy] is there whaling done in the gulf?
Whaling has been done in the Gulf of Mexico, but currently there is no whaling being done.

[ AquaKnot - 1103 - 09:07:30 ]
RE: [brent] What is the cable behind the diver being used for?
Brent, the cable transmits Dr. Dokken's voice to us and the questions down to him.

[ WaterGirl - 1104 - 09:07:36 ]
RE: [MartySeaCenterTexas] No fish are being bioengineered that I know of but a lot of fish such are being raised that are not bioengineered. Sea Center raises several million Red Drum and Spotted Sea Trout that are released into the wild every year, but none of these are bioengineered.
I've heard that there may be bio-engineered salmon, but these aren't in Texas waters.

[ MartySeaCenterTexas - 1109 - 09:09:26 ]
RE: [KingMiddleSchool] How much does the water temp. fluxuate during a day?
Water tempeture does fluxuate during the day but this is only the surface water. The deeper you go, the more stable the tempeture is during the day.

[ Gulfcoastguy - 1110 - 09:09:36 ]
RE: [TheBeachclassVV] about how many dead fish do you find on the Rio Grande? :)
Since the Rio Grande is an international river, our department gets very few reports of dead fish. The long term effect of pollution into the Rio Grande may be a change of the type of fish which may be more adaptable. Some times this means that good fish like stonerollers, bass,or sunfish are displaced by common carp, smallmouth buffalo or shad.

[ JimCC - 1111 - 09:09:45 ]
RE: [daisy] do any fish change sex? that is, start out female and morph? are any fish 'both'?
Lots of fish can be male, then female, or switch back and forth. The groupers are one family of fish that do this.

[ Grouper - 1112 - 09:09:53 ]
RE: [daisy] do any fish change sex? that is, start out female and morph? are any fish 'both'?
There are many fish that change sex during there life cycle. Groupers are a good example. I'm not sure if any have both sets of reproductive organs at the same time.

[ MsRyansClass/Hartelementary - 1114 - 09:11:32 ]
Ms. Ryan's class is enjoying the live dive, especially the fish. We loved the yellow and red angel fish. It is a very interesting show.

[ MartySeaCenterTexas - 1115 - 09:11:46 ]
RE: [photogirl] how does someone who is interested in photography get started in underwater photography if it is so expensive?
Start takeing pictures on land first. You must become very good at taking pictures on land and understand the principles of photography first.

[ JimCC - 1116 - 09:11:52 ]
RE: [Ramon] Are there only carnivores in the Gulf of Mexico?
Not just carnivores, but also herbivores (plant eaters), omnivores (will eat just about anything), and planktivores (eat microscopic plankton only).

[ AquaKnot - 1117 - 09:11:56 ]
RE: [Stephanie] Is the person at the very bottom of the ocean? How deep?
Stephanie, I believe he is about halfway down in the water column. About 50 or 60 feet down.

[ AquaKnot - 1118 - 09:12:43 ]
RE: [MsRyansClass/Hartelementary] Ms. Ryan's class is enjoying the live dive, especially the fish. We loved the yellow and red angel fish. It is a very interesting show.
Hello to Ms. Ryan's Class. Glad you are enjoying the show.

[ JimCC - 1121 - 09:13:06 ]
RE: [Grouper] There are many fish that change sex during there life cycle. Groupers are a good example. I'm not sure if any have both sets of reproductive organs at the same time.
They have a set of "organs" that morphologically change from male to female.

[ MartySeaCenterTexas - 1122 - 09:13:29 ]
RE: [daisy] Is any work being done on fish communication? i know there is work on dolphin language....
There are several universities and research institutes that are working on fish and dolphins.

[ onwardthroughthefog - 1123 - 09:14:15 ]
RE: [daisy] do any fish change sex? that is, start out female and morph? are any fish 'both'?
There are several species of saltwater fish that are hermaphroditic (can change sex from male to female or vice versa). Groupers, parrotfishes, and some damselfishes can. Whether or not they change can depend on their age, sometimes food, growth.

[ MartySeaCenterTexas - 1129 - 09:15:31 ]
RE: [whimsy] does talking under water affect how long a diver can stay down? I would think it takes up oxygen.
Talking underwater in itself does not cause you to use more air but the type of equipment used with communication equipment usually uses more air.

[ Gulfcoastguy - 1131 - 09:15:55 ]
RE: [daisy] what is the importance of water boundaries and juridcition?
On the Rio Grande, it is important because Texas has laws to protect its fish and game laws. Where the boundary lies on the river is important because netting for fish is allowed in Mexico, not in the Texas. In the Gulf, our game wardens are concerned of over-fishing of our fish and shrimp by other countries. Where the state boundary is found is important so that they can protect those fisheries form being depleted.

[ AquaKnot - 1133 - 09:17:03 ]
I have to sign off now. I really enjoyed talking with all of you. Thanks for joining us in this adventure.

[ MartySeaCenterTexas - 1135 - 09:17:17 ]
RE: [Rothfifthgrade] How do they build the oil rigs?
Oil rigs are built on land and then taken to the site where they are to be used underwater. Several pieces may be assembled to form one oil rig.

[ JimCC - 1136 - 09:17:59 ]
RE: [Rothfifthgrade] How do they build the oil rigs?
They assemble them onshore (laying on their side), then float out the main underwater structure on a big barge and stand it up on the bottom. Then they attach the abovewater facility, and start working on them.

[ GPSchmahl - 1137 - 09:18:35 ]
This is G.P. Schmahl. I am the manager of the Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary, in Bryan Texas. I am available to answer questions about the Flower Garden Banks.

[ MartySeaCenterTexas - 1138 - 09:18:49 ]
RE: [Rothfifthgrade] How do the pipes of the oil rigs withstand the pressure of the ocean water?
The legs and pipes of a oil rig are not presurized so they don't have to be able to withstand the presures of depth.

[ JimCC - 1139 - 09:19:09 ]
RE: [Charles] How many different species of fish do you usually see in this area?
You can find over 100 different kinds of fish around these platforms.

[ daisyandwhimsy - 1140 - 09:19:35 ]
This is Daisy and Whimsy signing off. We have very much enjoyed the show!!!

[ Gulfcoastguy - 1141 - 09:21:48 ]
RE: [daisy] Is any work being done on fish communication? i know there is work on dolphin language....
Dolphins (the mammal, not to be confused with the fish), are more highly evolved than fish. Fish communicate by gestures and motions, but at a level such as the whistles, squeaks, and sounds that dolphins and porpoises produce.

[ MartySeaCenterTexas - 1142 - 09:21:48 ]
RE: [RayD] How long does it take for the artificial reef to be overtaken?
Animals start growing on a oil rig almost immediately. The time it takes for the rig to be completely covered will very do to water conditions. Animals will continously be growing on the rig. As an animal dies, another will take its place.

[ scubalady - 1143 - 09:22:16 ]
RE: [RayD] How long does it take for the artificial reef to be overtaken?
Ray d : if you are talking about the tunicate taking over the rig then it may take less than one year. we at Texas Parks and Wildlife are studying one of these reefs offshore 70 miles from Galveston. We are measuring its growth and settlement rate on the structure. we know already that it started sometime in 1997 and then has taken over the entire structure. We have seen it several places and it has not been monitored before. If you watched Quenton underwater the white areas on the piles had some tunicates too.

[ MartySeaCenterTexas - 1148 - 09:24:26 ]
RE: [DJ] What kinds of things are you studying under the water?
I don't know if this question is dirrected to the divers, but here at Sea Center Texas we are studying several things, all related to aquaculture. Our newest and biggest project is to try to spawn and grow out Tarpon.

[ YSCUBAJohn - 1149 - 09:25:39 ]
RE: [jedrock] does you has to know hows to swims to be a scubdiber?
Yes, you must be able to swim. All certifying agencies require swimming.

[ JimCC - 1150 - 09:26:17 ]
Most open ocean areas have a D.O. level of 6-8 milligrams per liter.

[ MartySeaCenterTexas - 1151 - 09:26:19 ]
RE: [jedrock] does you has to know hows to swims to be a scubdiber?
You do not have to be an olympic swimmer to become a diver, but you should be able to swim enough to save yourself if needed.

[ WaterGirl - 1152 - 09:26:39 ]
RE: [jedrock] does you has to know hows to swims to be a scubdiber?
Yes. You have to know how to swim and be pretty comfortable in the water.

[ EmmaHickerson - 1153 - 09:27:23 ]
Hi, this is Emma Hickerson, I'm here to answer questions about the Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary as well.

[ JimCC - 1154 - 09:27:40 ]
RE: [hunter] what is the purpose of the artificial reef?
Attract fish and invertebrates and increase their productivity. In some cases, they are used to enhance habitats available to fish.

[ scubalady - 1158 - 09:29:32 ]
RE: [Rothfifthgrade] How do the pipes of the oil rigs withstand the pressure of the ocean water?
Rothfifth grade: The piles or legs of the platform are made of steel and can withstand the forces of wind and water (ie the wave action and currents of the water)that are up to 100 miles per hour. The oil and gas companies cannot afford for the platform to be blown over when a hurricane comes into the gulf of mexico. Oil rigs in the norht sea can withstand even greater forces. It is a responsibility for the environment that the oil companies take in order to draw up the natural resources like oil and gas.

[ Grouper - 1160 - 09:30:20 ]
RE: [PureChaos] Have you ever seen any of your divers experience a negative encounter with a marine creature, such as a shark?
Not with any sharks or other fish, but I have seen divers get stung by jellyfish, fire coral, and fireworms.

[ JimCC - 1161 - 09:30:45 ]
I once had a barracuda with a lure in his mouth (my lure from the day before!) give me the "stare down" during a safety stop while diving on a platform.

[ Gulfcoastguy - 1163 - 09:33:17 ]
RE: [jedrock] does you has to know hows to swims to be a scubdiber?
Yes. A scuba diver has to prepare for all types of emergencies. One of those emergencies may be that the air tank or its equipment may not work. You have to know how to swim without having an air supply available.

[ scubalady - 1164 - 09:33:27 ]
RE: [PureChaos] Have you ever seen any of your divers experience a negative encounter with a marine creature, such as a shark?
NO none ofmy divers have had a bad experience with a shark. I have been 4 feet from a scalloped hammerhead shark and she was just curious and wanted to see what I was doing underwater. I also saw a tiger shark from 30-ft away and it was not as easy an experience. She was more than curious and did a little shoulder dance that made my heart race. But in all she was just checking me out and did no harm to me.

[ JimCC - 1166 - 09:33:48 ]
RE: [Alexandra] How many different kinds of coral are there?
There are 4 main types of corals (1: Fire corals, 2: fan corals and soft corals, 3: stony corals, and 4: deep water black corals). How many species of each, I really don't know, but it's alot.

[ WaterGirl - 1167 - 09:34:39 ]
WaterGirl is signing off. It was fun!

[ YSCUBAJohn - 1168 - 09:35:33 ]
RE: [JimCC] There are 4 main types of corals (1: Fire corals, 2: fan corals and soft corals, 3: stony corals, and 4: deep water black corals). How many species of each, I really don't know, but it's alot.
I am not certain, but I have heard there are about 250 types in the Atlantic, and about 750 in the Pacific.

[ scubalady - 1169 - 09:36:20 ]
RE: [hunter] what is the purpose of the artificial reef?
Hunter: The purpose of an artificial reef is to create a surface area to allow the reef creatures like corals, barnacles, sponges , molluscs and other invertebrates to settle and attach themselves. Once they attach they can grow and siphon water out of the water column. These invertebrates known as epifauna attract the fish species you saw in the show to the structure. The structure provides safety and food for these fish and they can just hang out in comfort.

[ MartySeaCenterTexas - 1170 - 09:36:23 ]
RE: [PureChaos] Have you ever seen any of your divers experience a negative encounter with a marine creature, such as a shark?
I have had a few minor bad encounters with different animals. It was not the more dangerous animals like sharks that have given me problems. Its usually smaller fish such as Trigger fish or other tropical fish that bite my ears and try to eat the few remaining hairs on my head.

[ Gulfcoastguy - 1171 - 09:36:43 ]
RE: [Hunter] is there really a fish that has legs and can walk on land?
There are some fish which have adapted there fins for walking on land. An example is a type of catfish found in Florida. These are not legs like frogs or amphibians.

[ JimCC - 1172 - 09:37:16 ]
Are we done here?

[ Gulfcoastguy - 1173 - 09:38:56 ]
It's been fun. Gulfcoast guy signing off.

[ MartySeaCenterTexas - 1177 - 09:41:52 ]
RE: [Alexandra] It's been fun!
And its been fun for us too!

[ TPW - 1178 - 09:42:09 ]
Thanks to all of you who participated in our Webcast-we had loads of fun. Have a great day! Texas Parks and Wildlife

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