Prescribed Burning


Prescribed burn of a habitat

Before European settlement, fire was a natural part of the ecology on the Texas rangelands. Many native plants not only survive fires, but actually depend on occasional fires to reseed and grow. Fire burns off woody plants that steal precious water resources to support their larger structures. Some prairie plants seeds require heat and abrasion to germinate.

Years ago, people began to suppress natural fires to protect homes and crops. In once open prairies, trees and woody plants grew, choking out grasses and forbs. Many wildlife species depend on forbs as their major food source and grassy habitats for shelter and cover. The loss of these prairies is causing major declines in many species.

“Prescribed burns” help restore healthy habitats. A prescribed burn is a fire that is planned and purposely set as a management tool when an area is suffering. A survey of plants and animals is taken. Water sources are located. An area is carefully selected and safety precautions are made, such as creating fire breaks so that the fire remains under control. The fire is set with biologists and firefighters nearby. After the fire, the area is monitored for regrowth.

Modern range managers rely on prescribed burns to:


Prescribed Burn Plan document media download(Word 190.5 KB) (PWD-0822) used by Land and Wildlife Managers when planning a burn. Can be used for a classroom Virtual Burn activity.

Prescribed Burning Associations in Texas media download(PDF 638 KB) lists associations related to prescribed burning.

Another helpful publication by Texas Tech University on Getting Started in Prescribed Burning media download(PDF 1.6 MB)

To learn more, contact your local county extension service or read more in this "Range Burning" media download(PDF 362.1 KB) publication (Adapted from Texas A&M “Prescribed Range Burning in Texas” by Larry D. White and C. Wayne Hanselka, Extension range specialists, Texas A&M University System.)


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