Migratory Routes of Selected Species


Select a bird below to view the routes:

  • breeding (northernmost) range (dark brown)
  • migratory route (tan)
  • wintering (southernmost) range (blue)
Eastern Kingbird
Eastern Kingbird - Breeding range includes the southern parts of Canada south and includes much of the U.S. except the Desert Southwest and Pacific Coast region.  The species migrates either over or around the Gulf of Mexico and through Central America and northern South America.  Its wintering range includes much of western Amazonia of west-central South America.

Scarlet Tanager
Scarlet Tanager - Breeding range includes the eastern third of the U.S. and the southeastern fringes of Canada.  The species migrates over the Gulf of Mexico and through Central America.  Its wintering range includes the Andes from Colombia south to Bolivia.

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Canada Warbler
Canada Warbler - Breeding range includes the northeastern U.S. and southeastern and central parts of Canada.  The species migrates through the eastern half of the U.S., around the Gulf of Mexico, and through Central America.  Its wintering range includes northern South America south along the Andean slope through Peru and portions of Bolivia.

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Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Ruby-throated Hummingbird - Breeding range includes the eastern half of the U.S. and southern parts of Canada.  The species migrates either over or around the Gulf of Mexico and through parts of Central America.  Its wintering range includes southern Mexico south to Costa Rica.  There are very few winter records for Panama and none for South America.

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Bobolink
Bobolink - Breeding range includes the northern half of the U.S. east of the Rocky Mountains plus the southern fringes of Canada.  The species migrates over the Gulf of Mexico and through Central America and much of South America.  Its wintering range includes grassland portions of Bolivia, Paraguay, and Chile, but the bulk of the population winters in northern Argentina.

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Purple Martin
Purple Martin - Breeding range includes the eastern half of the U.S. east of the Rocky Mountains plus parts of central Canada.  The species occurs disjunctly in the Desert Southwest and Pacific Coast region.  The species migrates either over or around the Gulf of Mexico and through Central America and much of South America.  The bulk of its wintering range includes Paraguay and southeastern Brazil.
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Contact Information:

For more information, please contact:

Texas Parks and Wildlife Department
Wildlife Diversity
4200 Smith School Road
Austin, Texas 78744

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