Journey Through Time

Create a "long" time line.


Objectives

1.  The students will be able to sequence events. 
2.  The students will be able to apply measurement to chronological time.

Background

     Bison  traveled over the land bridge during the Illinoisan Glacial Age from Asia to North America.  Since their arrival, they have had a major impact on American history.
     Famous European explorers noted the bison as they explored the land.  Two of these explorers included Hernando Cortez and Alvar Munez Cabeza de Vaca.  Cortez saw a bison in Montezuma's menagerie.  In contrast, Cabeza de Vaca is said to be the first white man to see bison in the wild. 
      Bison were essential to the Native American way of life.  They utilized every part of the bison for something.  In addition to relatively large quantities of meat, these animals provided hides to make clothing and shelter.  The bison were also interconnected to Native American religion, folklore, and art.
     As time progressed, the bison were faced many difficult times.  Disease reduced the number of bison and wiped out the middle herd dividing the bison into a northern and southern herd.
     Hide hunters set out to make their fortunes killing bison for their hides leaving the remainder of the bison to rot wasting  meat and other useful parts.  Once the bison were depleted, a trade in bones for china and other products developed. 

   The bison were practically eliminated but fortunately a few individuals saw the bison were in danger.  Charles & Mary  Goodnight captured and raised  bison calves on their ranch.  Later some parks and reservations were set up to provide the bison with a safe area to roam.  Finally the last of the wild bison in the Texas Panhandle were moved to Caprock Canyons State Park. 

Materials

1.  Paper
2.  Pencils
3.  Markers or crayons
4.  Tape
5.  Measuring Tape

Procedure 1

1.  After reading the students the information, have them create a time line. They may work in pairs or as individuals.
2.  Cut the date/event squares into squares.  Allow each pair/person to select a specific event in bison history and have them illustrate the event on a single sheet of paper.  Make sure the year is on the paper.
3.  Review with students that events are placed in order from past to present.  Allow the students to place the events in order.
4.  Place and tape the ordered events on the wall creating a "long" time line.
5. Travel as a class through time stopping at each point along the way.  Have the students act as conductors.  Each pair should tell about their  event in history and present their illustration of the event to the other students and teacher of the class.


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