Texas Hummingbird Roundup:
Rufous (Selasphorus rufus)
Found in every ecoregion of the state, this is the bird often described as “the bully.” A notably aggressive bird around feeders or hummingbird gardens, this bird is found in a variety of habitats from scrub and thorn areas to forests and trees. Wintering birds often prefer feeders and gardens. The rufous is a small, compact, relatively short winged bird that will always show some of the color the name developed from.
Identifying Features (Male):
- Extensive red coloration moving to near total red coloration in adults. A limited number of adults will show some green on the back.
- Broad tail feathers with notch on second feathers from center
- Orange red gorget
Identifying Features (Female):
- Tail folds to a tapered point
- Usually obvious rufous at base of tail
- Broad tail feathers with second from middle slightly notched
- Tail projects slightly beyond tip of wings
- Will develop an orange red cluster of feathers in the center of gorget