The Vegetation Types of Texas
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- (10) Ceniza-Blackbrush-Creosotebush Brush
- (11b) Mesquite Brush
- (12b) Mesquite-Lotebush Brush
- (12a) Mesquite-Lotebush Shrub
- (13b) Mesquite-Juniper Brush
- (13c) Mesquite-Juniper-Live Oak Brush
- (15) Mesquite-Blackbrush Brush
- (18) Mesquite-Saltcedar Brush / Woods
- (19) Mesquite-Hackberry Brush / Woods
- (21) Havard Shin Oak-Mesquite Brush
- (22) Sandsage-Mesquite Brush
- (28) Havard Shin Oak Brush
- (32) Sandsage-Havard Shin Oak Brush
- (34) Juniper-Mixed Brush
- (37) Cottonwood-Hackberry-Saltcedar Brush / Woods
Associated Plants: Guajillo, lotebush, mesquite,
guayacan, Texas pricklypear,
paloverde, goatbush, yucca,
sotol, desert yaupon, catclaw,
kidneywood, allthorn, curly
mesquite, Texas grama, hairy
tridens, slim tridens, pink
Distribution: Slopes of the Rio Grande River Basin, from near Langtry in Val Verde County to near San Ygnacio in Zapata County.
(11b) Mesquite Brush
Associated Plants: Narrow-leaf yucca, grassland
pricklypear, juniper, red
grama, Texas grama, sideoats
grama, hairy grama, purple
three-awn, Roemer three-awn,
buffalograss, red lovegrass,
gummy lovegrass, sand dropseed,
tobosa, western ragweed,
James rushpea, scurfpea,
Distribution: Principally in the Rolling Plains.
(12b) Mesquite-Lotebush Brush
(12a) Mesquite-Lotebush Shrub
Associated Plants (Rolling Plains): Yucca,
skunkbush sumac, agarito,
elbowbush, juniper, tasajillo,
cane bluestem, silver bluestem,
little bluestem, sand dropseed,
Texas grama, sideoats grama,
hairy grama, red grama,
tobosa, buffalograss, Texas
wintergrass, purple three-awn,
Roemer three-awn, Engelmann
daisy, broom snakeweed,
Distribution: Northeastern Trans-Pecos, northwestern Edwards Plateau, Rolling Plains and western Cross Timbers and Prairies.
Associated Plants (Edwards Plateau): Lotebush,
shin oak, sumac, Texas pricklypear,
tasajillo, kidneywood, agarito,
redbud, yucca, Lindheimer
silktassel, sotol, catclaw,
Mexican persimmon, sideoats
grama, three-awn, Texas
grama, hairy grama, curly
Distribution: Chiefly on mesas and hillsides of the western Edwards Plateau.
Associated Plants: Lotebush, ceniza, guajillo,
desert olive, allthorn,
whitebrush, bluewood, granjeno,
guayacan, leatherstem, Texas
kidneywood, yucca, desert
yaupon, goatbush, purple
three-awn, pink pappusgrass,
hairy tridens, slim tridens,
hairy grama, mat euphorbia,
coldenia, dogweed, knotweed
leafflower, two-leaved senna.
Distribution: Principally on shallow, gravelly or loamy soils in the South Texas Plains.
Associated Plants (Trans-Pecos): Creosotebush,
cottonwood, desert willow,
giant reed, seepwillow,
common buttonbush, burrobrush,
whitethorn acacia, Australian
saltbush, fourwing saltbush,
lotebush, wolfberry, tasajillo,
guayacan, alkali sacaton,
cattail, bushy bluestem,
chino grama, Mexican devil-weed.
Distribution: Ephemeral drainages in the southern High Plains, Rolling Plains and portions of the Pecos and Rio Grande River drainages in the Trans-Pecos.
Associated Plants: Walnut, live oak, juniper,
lotebush, catclaw, woollybucket
bumelia, tasajillo, agarito,
vine-mesquite, silver bluestem,
muhly, western ragweed,
Distribution: Canyon bottoms, creeks and drainageways in the Rolling Plains and western Edwards Plateau.
Associated Plants: Sandsage, catclaw, yucca,
giant dropseed, sand dropseed,
Indiangrass, silver bluestem,
sand bluestem, little bluestem,
feather plume, Illinois
bundleflower, fox glove,
yellow evening primrose.
Distribution: Occurs primarily on sandy soils in the western Rolling Plains and southwestern High Plains.
Associated Plants: Skunkbush sumac, Chickasaw
plum, catclaw, little bluestem,
sand bluestem, silver bluestem,
sand dropseed, red three-awn,
slickseed bean, sensitive
briar, wild blue indigo,
sandlily, spearleaf ground
cherry, wild buckwheat,
spinytooth gumweed, common
sunflower, spectacle pod,
hierba del pollo.
Distribution: Principally on sandy uplands, Donley and Collingsworth Counties, Rolling Plains.
Associated Plants: Catclaw, bush morningglory,
southwest rabbitbrush, sandsage,
mesquite, hooded windmillgrass,
sand bluestem, big sandreed,
false buffalograss, spike
dropseed, giant dropseed,
mesa dropseed, narrowleaf
sandverbena, sweet sandverbena,
bull nettle, sand dune spurge,
prairie spurge, firewheel,
Distribution: Chiefly on sandy soil in Andrews, Crane, Ward and Winkler Counties.
sumac, Chickawaw plum,
sand blue bluestem, sand
lovegrass, big sandreed,
sideoats grama, hairy
grama, sand dropseed,
sand paspalum, scurfpea,
bean, wild blue indigo,
wild buckwheat, bush morningglory.
Distribution: Sandy soils of the northwestern High Plains and (Panhandle) Rolling Plains.
(34) Juniper-Mixed Brush
Associated Plants: Red-berry juniper, one-seeded
juniper, tasajillo, catclaw,
skunkbush sumac, lotebush,
mesquite, Harvard shin oak,
mountain mahogany, yucca,
red grama, sideoats grama,
Texas grama, hairy grama,
red lovegrass, gummy lovegrass,
curly mesquite, tobosa,
western ragweed, bitterweed,
wild buckwheat, James rushpea.
Distribution: Occurs on the Cap Rock Escarpment of the High Plains.
Associated Plants: Lindheimer's black willow,
rough-leaf dogwood, Panhandle
grape, heartleaf ampelopsis,
false climbing buckwheat,
cattail, switchgrass, prairie
cordgrass, salt grass, alkali
sacaton, spikesedge, horsetail,
bulrush, coarse sumpweed,
Distribution: Principal drainages within the Canadian and Red River Basins.
Copies of the Vegetation Types of Texas maps are available for PDF download in the sizes indicated.